View maps showing Dugong Protection Areas: They are solitary creatures, though can be found in pairs. Dugongs, or sea cows as they are sometimes called, are marine animals which can grow to about three metres in length and weigh as much as 400 kilograms. Current combined levels of mortality from all threats, as reported in the marine strandings database maintained by the Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection/Queensland Parks and Wildlife, are thought to be unsustainable. Information about the Reef 2050 Plan and Reef Trust is available at www.environment.gov.au/… In addition, the government also applied various techniques, such as scare-off, increasing charges, and avoiding detonations during high tides (Robinson et al. Great Barrier Reef Location The Great Barrier Reef is an enormous living formation which is located in Australia. They are the only marine mammals in Australia that live mainly on plants. Dugong numbers appear to have been stable over the last decade in the Great Barrier Reef Region north of Cape Bedford. A characteristic dugong weighs about 400 kilograms and can grow up to three meters long (Stonehouse, 1992). Most extravagant residents of Austalia's offshore waters that can be spotted all along the Great Barrier Reef The Foundation is a registered Environmental Organisation in Australia and is eligible to receive tax deductible donations. the statutory five-year reporting period required by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 for the Great Barrier Reef Outlook Report; and the requirements of the Reef 2050 Plan. They swim at a gentle pace of 10km/hr, by using their tail in a whale-like manner and their front-flippers like dolphins. A greater number of dugong occur along the remote coast (northern third of the Great Barrier Reef north of Cooktown), and populations appear stable in that area. Thirty years ago, Australia willingly made the Reef a World Heritage Area. THE POPULATION OF DUGONG calves in the southern Great Barrier Reef area is growing steadily after populations were devastated back in 2011 following Cyclone Yasi, which ripped up the marine animals’ primary food source.. Aerial surveys conducted by James Cook University as part of a project funded by the Australian Marine Mammal Centre, found that baby dugongs make up 10 per … For example sea grasses are producers and are the 1st level of trophic, 2nd level is the herbivores and the 3rd level small carnivors. Dugong - Conservation - Queensland. Protect habitat: Avoid damaging seagrass an don't drag boats over seagrass meadows. Dugongs are primarily herbivorous, grazing on up to 30kg of seagrass a day. The dugong, one of four species of sea cow in the order Sirenia, live throughout shallow waters of the Indo-Pacific. Protecting the Dugong The dugong (Dugong dugon) is the only herbivorous mammal that is strictly marine and is the only extant species in Family Dugongidae. The use of marine food resources such as the dugong greatly strengthens Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and demonstrates connection with traditional sea country. Dugong swim using their whale-like fluked tail and they use their front flippers for balance and turning. The northern Great Barrier Reef is a stronghold for dugongs, which are threatened all around the world. Read More. The second largest population is found in the Arabian Gulf. They are large mammals and are herbivores. Dugong inhabit shallow, tropical waters throughout the Indo-Pacific region. It was hunted to extinction in the 1700's by sealers for its meat. The activities associated with the hunting of dugong and preparing and sharing the meat has great significance and is an expression of the continuance of long cultural traditions. The "turtle and dugong capital of the world", the northern Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait region, faces increased pressure under climate change from … Small tusks can be seen in adult males and some old females. Protecting the Dugong The dugong (Dugong dugon) is the only herbivorous mammal that is strictly marine and is the only extant species in Family Dugongidae. The contributions of these people in acquiring and providing this information are gratefully acknowledged. Their slow breeding rate and long life span mean that dugongs are particularly susceptible to factors that threaten their survival. Dugongs are not considered migratory but are known to travel great distances within their range in order to find food. Found mostly in Australia, Dugong are more closely related to elephants than to whales and dolphins. Young Dugongs stay with their mothers for the first few months of life. One method used to mitigate the effects of commercial fishing in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is the implementation of Dugong Protection Areas (DPA’s). Fishing practices, such as commercial netting, can also lead to accidental drownings. They inhabit both freshwater and brackish water, where seagrass beds can be found. Mesh nets: Prohibitions and restrictions on the use of nets by commercial fishers in dugong protection areas are available in the Fisheries Regulations 1995. As Dugongs diets consist almost entirely of seagrass, they are referred to as ‘sea cows’. Sea Cow Baby Boom Is Good News for Great Barrier Reef. Dives generally last for only a few minutes, especially if they are swimming fast. That listing was intended to protect the Reef. Reporting: Immediately report any injured or dead dugongs, turtles or dolphins by phone on 1300 Animal (1300 264 625). The Great Barrier Reef provides important feeding areas for the species; this reef area houses a stable population of around 10,000, although the population concentration has shifted over time. The Dugong is listed as vulnerable (population trend decreasing) on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species. Dugong. They have a rounded head with small eyes and a large snout. Based on current research it is thought that dugong numbers have declined along the urban coast of Queensland, south of Cooktown. A personal favourite animal to spot is the Dugong. Dugong - Queensland - Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Dugongs are more closely related to elephants than other marine mammals, such as whales and dolphins. 2006, p. © 2020 Great Barrier Reef Foundation. 30 species of whales and dolphins are supported by the Great Barrier Reef . Bibliography. Since Dugong populations increase slowly, at greatest by 5% annually, their population is vulnerable. Donations of $2.00 or more are tax deductible in Australia provided they are made voluntarily and the donor receives no material benefit for the donation. 1. Comparison of dugong habitat zoning within the Great Barrier Reef Marine ... Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.....17 3. A characteristic dugong weighs about 400 kilograms and can grow up to three meters long (Stonehouse, 1992). After decades of work, A$200 million in taxpayer funding and even more from farmers’ pockets, we finally have a rare good news story to tell about the Great Barrier Reef. Much of the information about dugong in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area comes from research conducted over the past 30 years by Professor Helene Marsh and her colleagues and students at James Cook University and from the local knowledge of Indigenous people and fishers. Marine mammal populations - Queensland - Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. The Dugongs of the Great Barrier Reef | Great Barrier Reef 21/11/2020 21/11/2020 All Blogs List , Animals That Are TOO CUTE! It contains the world’s largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of coral, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc. One of the World Heritage values of the region is that it provides major breeding grounds for large populations of the endangered species Dugong dugon. While dugong are threatened on a worldwide scale, Australia has a large proportion of the remaining population. Bibliography The Great Barrier Reef Trophic levels show position an organism is in the food web. The Great Barrier Reef is one of the great natural wonders of the world. The Great Barrier Reef is in the Coral ... is the dugong. Then, mostly you can find dugong in the Australia, and this is why The Great Barrier Reef is supporting the dugong habitat and become a protected area because this marine mammal is classified as endangered animal. 8. Dugong mother and calf swimming in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. INDIGENOUS hunters are using the Great Barrier Reef as a "supermarket" for dugong and turtle meat in an uncurbed practice putting the species in danger, the federal government has been told. These stresses can cause female Dugongs to produce fewer offspring, lowering the population growth further. The name sea cow refers to the fact that they graze on seagrass, which forms meadows in sheltered coastal waters. Baby dugongs are also famously cute! II. The Great Barrier Reef is, stretches over 2,600km in length and covers 344,400km2, making it the largest coral reef in the world. low natural mortality and no human-induced mortality). The Great Barrier Reef is a site of remarkable variety and beauty on the north-east coast of Australia. As with all other marine mammals, dugongs must surface to breathe. It consists of 2,900 reefs and 900 islands. Their movements are often slow and graceful. Traditional Owners of the Great Barrier Reef have co-existed with dugongs for more than 60,000 years. The Great Barrier Reef region supports globally significant populations of dugong. ("Australian Government Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority", 2002; Lawler, et al., 2002; Marsh, 2009; "ARKive. Dugong are more closely related to elephants than to other marine mammals such as whales and dolphins, but their closest living aquatic relatives are the manatees. 2. In remote coast areas, dugongs have a high social and economic value because they provide subsistence food to communities where a nourishing diet is essential but often expensive to attain. Your donation could help the rare and endangered Dugong remain a regular visitor to the Great Barrier Reef. To reflect Dugong Protection Areas under Queensland Fisheries legislation, these Special Management Areas are designated­ — to the extent the areas are within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. They listed as a marine and migratory species under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. When Dugong calves need to be nursed, they suck on their flippers, almost like a child sucking on their thumb. The nostrils are at the top of the snout and can be closed diving to keep the water out. ABN 82 090 616 443. In Australia, dugong are protected under various pieces of legislation. Great Barrier Reef. Dugongs rarely communicate visually, due to their poor eyesight. Australia has international responsibilities for the management of dugongs in the Great Barrier Reef Region. Dugong distribution and abundance in the northern Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, November 2000. Dugong . Protecting the Great Barrier Reef Dugong Essay. 3750 Words 15 Pages. The sensitive ecological status of these animals globally highlights the need for effective management strategies to protect and conserve the Australian population. Dugong have poor eyesight but very good hearing. Dugongs feed Dugong play an important ecological role in coastal marine ecosystems, and the status of dugong populations in an area can be used as an indicator of general ecosystem health. Despite this, Dugongs have good memories and are able to remember specific feeding areas and return to them after travelling away. Statement: from Marine Park Authority Board, How to make a Public Interest Disclosure (PID), Legislation, regulations, agreements and policies, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 2019, Great Barrier Reef Intergovernmental Agreement, Local Marine Advisory Committee Communiques, Naming of reefs and undersea geographic features, Dent Island Lightstation Heritage Management Plan, Lady Elliot Island Lightstation Heritage Management Plan, National Science Week virtual event series, Field Management of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Douglas Shoal environmental remediation project, International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI), Tourism Industry Activation and Reef Protection Initiative, Reef 2050 Integrated Monitoring and Reporting Program, Waste (including sewage), chemicals and litter, Choosing a high standard tourism operation, Townsville/Whitsundays site specific management, Mackay/Capricorn site specific management, Traditional Owners of the Great Barrier Reef, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Strategy, Traditional Use of Marine Resources Agreements, Tourism responses to environmental incidents, Master Reef Guides - Cairns and Reef-wide, Master Reef Guides - Townsville and the Whitsundays, Differences between the Marine Park and the World Heritage Area, IUCN - the World Conservation Union - Red List of Threatened Animals, Position statement on conservation of dugong in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, Life span (maximum longevity - most dugong die at a younger age), Maximum possible rate of increase (e.g. Early explorers and sailors believed that they were mermaids because of their streamlined bodies and the large teats at the base of the flippers of the female dugong. I. Lawler, Ivan. The Great Barrier Reef Foundation extends its deepest respect and recognition to all Traditional Owners of the Great Barrier Reef as First Nations Peoples holding the hopes, dreams, traditions and cultures of the Reef. Despite their solitary nature, Dugongs constantly communicate with one another through a series of echoing chirps, whistles, and barks. This being one of the reasons the area was given World Heritage status. The Queensland Government's Nature Conservation (Wildlife) Regulation 2006 lists dugong as 'vulnerable to extinction'. There are a number of human related threats to dugong including boatstrike, incidental capture in fishing nets and marine debris, and habitat degradation due to coastal development and declining water quality. Dugong is a great swimmer in the sea but they cannot hold their breathe as long as dolphin and whales. However, unlike other marine mammals such as some whales and dolphins, dugong cannot hold their breath under water for very long. There are concerns about the dugong population within the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. One of the world’s most important dugong populations is supported by the Great Barrier Reef . Dugong and sea turtle poo sheds new light on the Great Barrier Reef’s seagrass meadows May 24, 2018 4.07pm EDT Samantha J Tol , Alana Grech , Paul York , Rob Coles , James Cook University In the lagoon formed by the Great Barrier Reef grows fields of sea grass that house a plethora of sea creatures, one of them being the Dugong. Boating: Look out for dugongs, particularly if you know the area is shallow or contains seagrass. The Great Barrier Reef Foundation extends its deepest respect and recognition to all Traditional Owners of the Great Barrier Reef as First Nations Peoples holding the hopes, dreams, traditions and cultures of the Reef. 3. To enhance the protection of our iconic marine turtles and dugong in Far North Queensland and the Torres Strait, the Australian Government has committed $5.3 million over three years for delivery of a Dugong and Turtle Protection Plan under the Reef 2050 Plan and Reef Trust. Worldwide, the dugong is listed under the IUCN - the World Conservation Union - Red List of Threatened Animals as being vulnerable to extinction. It ranges between 60 and 250 kilometres in width and has an average depth of 35 metres in its inshore waters. The Park itself extends south from the tip of north Queensland, in north-eastern Australia, to just north of Bundaberg. These unusual animals are closely related to dolphins and whales. These medium size mammals can reach up to 3.5 metres long and nearly weigh one ton. Most of the world’s dugong population now occurs in northern Australian waters between Shark Bay in Western Australia and Moreton Bay in Queensland. Website by bigfish.tv. 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