If the coverings are removed, the female body is yellow, while the male scale is brownish yellow. Merrill reported the distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties. Examine plants for These include: Magonolia grandiflora, magnolia; M. virginiana, sweetbay; Aucuba japonica; Strelitzia spp, bird-of-paradise; Hedera helix; Cornus florida, flowering dogwood; Taxus spp. False Oleander Scale. Winter and spring peaks in live females may be times when predators are less active. Rosen D; DeBach P, 1986. Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, known generally as false oleander scale, is a species of armored scale insect in the family Diaspididae. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Magnolia white scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley), (known formerly as the false oleander scale) is an invasive Asian scale found in the southern United States. They pierce the leaves to siphon out the sap, defoliating the oleander plant. No guarantee, endorsement, or discrimination among comparable products is intended or implied by the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. 1: 1-143. False oleander scale insects, which look like white specks on the leaf surfaces, cause yellow leaf spots and leaf drop. The female covering is pear-shaped and shiny white, whereas the male covering is elongated and approximately 1 mm. Figure 4. If you push on them with your fingernail, they come off. The male armor is elongate, snow-white, feebly Oleander scale is a sap sucking true bug that appears as a flat, oval, whitish-brown insects on leaves and stems of indoor plants. When killed, the armor covering on females will continue clinging to the plant. For established infestations, apply a second … It is now widespread This will target females with low egg counts. False oleander scale (FOS) can be a serious pest of southern magnolia, palms, and aucuba. The Alabama The best option would be to wait … that have the least effect upon other non-target organisms. A Revision of the Scale Insects of Florida. False Oleander Scale. False oleander scale is not a good name since this insect attacks over 100 plant species, including Southern magnolia, sweetbay magnolia, aucuba, and English ivy, as well as oleander. Adult females lay eggs inside their body shell. It is now widespread in Florida, Georgia and Alabama, and probably occurs in all of the Gulf State… 2. If necessary for identification, submit adult female specimens attached to the host plant in a plastic Crane JH, Balerdi CF, Maguire I. Many armored scales are serious pests of ornamental shrubs, trees, groundcovers and turfgrasses in South Carolina. attributed to the movement of infested nursery stock. There are many others. This pest is found throughout much of the southern portion of the United States. Scales, especially armored scales are very difficult to control when mature. The false oleander scale is a small armored scale insect pest that feeds on magnolia foliage. 1976. Photograph by University of Florida. False oleander scale is common throughout many southern states but just reaches the very warmest parts of … Cluster of male false oleander scales, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley), on leaf of bird-of-paradise. your own Pins on Pinterest In 1953, G. B. quarantine from China. Articles related to False Oleander Scale. False oleander scale, an armored scale, was first described in California from palms taken in 1f, narrow and long with white wax often forming either 1 or 3 ridges that run the length of cover, but in some cases, no ridge is clearly visible. This content printed from the website located at: This website would like to use cookies to collect information to improve your browsing experience. Our efforts were rewarded with some important results that might lead to better management tools. Scales are white in color and cluster in colonies on plants foliage, giving the … © 2020 by the Alabama Cooperative Extension System. to insecticides. False oleander scale has become an economic pest of many of the major ornamental plants In 1953, G. B. Merrill reported the distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties. The false oleander scale is an armored scale, or a scale with a waxy outer covering much like a shell. Discover (and save!) Check out this website for more information: False Oleander Scale. The females deposit eggs under their hard shells. It is common throughout many southern states but just reaches the very warmest parts of southeastern North Carolina. Female false oleander scales, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley). that ensures all people have access to information that improves their quality of life found in Florida commercial nurseries. False oleander scale, an armored scale, was first described in California from palms taken in quarantine from China. Learn how to control False Oleander Scale with these easy to use products! usually several times larger than the scale. Crawlers seemed to be the most resistant to the treatment. Our lab at Auburn University conducts research on pests of turfgrass and ornamentals in landscapes and in production. Florida Armored Scale Insects. Prune fronds with large numbers of false oleander scales to treat scale on sago palms. False oleander scale seems to have become more common in recent years, especially in the southern half of the state. Bulletin long. Efficacy on False Oleander Scale on Southern Magnolia, Chong, SC, 2014..... 48 Table 45. plant juices and cause loss of vigor, spots on the foliage due to toxins in the scale saliva, deformation of infested plant parts, loss of leaves, and even death of the plant (Dekle 1965, Reinert 1974, Beardsley & Gonzalez 1975). It does not produce honeydew and breeds throughout the year. The false oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley), (Homoptera:Diaspididae) was first described in 1897 by Cooley (1) from speci mens taken in quarantine in California. Dead scales do not fall from plants. For established infestations, apply a In the early spring, populations of scales are low. Additionally, there are fewer eggs, and 50-70% of females are alive. Females lay small, oval, yellow colored eggs underneath the armor. This year, we are working on comparing horticulture oil to an insecticide. There are several … For example, it is False oleander scales. It was first found in Florida at Meade Gardens, Winter Park, Orange County, by J. R. Springer on sweetbay (Magnolia virginianaL.) Products labeled to treat False Oleander Scale; Criterion 75 WSP Systemic Insecticide. The Southeastern US Pest Control Guide for Nursery Crops and Landscape Plantings is also an excellent resource. Armoured Scale; Fullaway Oleander Scale; Magnolia White Scale; Mango Scale … The whitish covering of the insect is waxy and repels liquids. This will involve monthly applications from April through July. Page menu options: Main; Other Names; Commodity Type; Distribution; Host Family; References; Web Links; Distribution. False oleander scale is common throughout many southern states but just reaches the very warmest parts of North Carolina. In 1953, G. B. Merrill reported the distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties. References. live scales by crushing the wax cover. The scale tends to confine itself to feeding on foliage and rarely attacks tender shoots or fruit. Other common names include the fullaway oleander scale, magnolia white scale, mango scale, oleander scale, and oyster scale. Photograph by Division of Plant Industry. Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli is believed to have been introduced into the U.S. from southern Asia. A few female scales are present. yellow and drop prematurely. and economic well-being. Russo A; Mazzeo G, 1992. About This Subject; View Images Details; View Images; Overview. The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University) is an equal opportunity educator and employer. oleander scale (Phenacaspis cockerelli (Cooley)). Johnson WT, Lyon HH. Figure 3. ALABAMA READY - Resources for Dealing with Hurricanes, Common Insects and Disease Pests of Turfgrasses and Ornamentals, ANR 910, Controlling Scale Insects and Mealybugs, ANR 2423, The Southeastern US Pest Control Guide for Nursery Crops and Landscape Plantings, Fire Ant Quarantine Compliance for Container Nurseries, Canker and Dieback Diseases of Leyland Cypress, Alabama The exuviae are terminal All rights reserved. This is a non-native scale that has spread throughout the Southeastern Coastal area over the past few decades. ..... 47 Table 44. It is found in Europe. As the insect pest feeds on the magnolia tree, it will cause white spots to appear on the leaves, which weakens the tree over time. tricarinate, and about 1 mm long. (November 2006). This scale is most common on leaves in the lower part of the tree. The adult female oleander scale is an armored scale that is about 0.1 inch (2.5 mm) long and oval. Dekle GW. False oleander scale is a hard-shelled, sucking insect that affixes itself to a leaf and removes plant sap. Life Stage Data of False Oleander Scale Over One Year. in 1942. The most commonly targeted stages for management are females and crawlers (mobile baby scales). recorded as hosts in Florida (Dekle 1976). 1953. A: You have false oleander scale. second application in two weeks. Last year, we counted the number of live FOS females with and without eggs on infested Aucuba. The biology of FOS is somewhat of a mystery. The female scales are hidden beneath those flattened, pear-shaped covers. This scale formerly was referred to as magnolia white scale (Phenacaspis natalensis Ckll.) Efficacy on False Oleander Scale (Adult Females) on Japanese Aucuba, Held, MS, Florida Insect Management Guide for mango, Florida Insect Management Guide for mango. These spots are In 1953, G. B. Merrill reported the distribution in Florida as Orange and Leon counties. The female armor is pear-shaped, glossy white, and 2 to 3 mm long. When killed, the armor covering on females will continue clinging to the plant. and yellowish brown. False Oleander scale (Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli) Greedy scale (Hemiberlesia rapax), tea scale (Fiorinia theae), and scurfy scale (Chionaspis furfura) have been diagnosed as pests on Southern magnolia in South Carolina landscapes. Insects That Feed on Trees and Shrubs. and Photo: SD Frank False oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, is a tropical and subtropical pest originally from China. Cooperative Extension System operates as the primary outreach organization Crawler dispersal and predators likely contributed to sharp declines following these peaks. The false oleander scale is a pest of kiwi fruit in China (Zou and Zhou 1993). The biology of FOS is somewhat of a mystery. After hatching, the insects are known as crawlers. ; and Sabal mexicana, a palmetto (Merrill 1953, Johnson 1991). It was first found in Florida at Meade Gardens, Winter Park, Orange County, by J. R. Springer on sweetbay (Magnolia virginianaL.) Treatments done now would have to be systemic to have any chance of control. False Oleander Scale A second cause of white spots on magnolia trees is the insect pest called false oleander scale, which feeds on a variety of trees. Select pesticides Soft brown scale occurs on ficus, scheffleras and other indoor plants. Three new species of Aphytis (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), parasites of Pseudaulacaspis spp. Mango growing in the Florida home landscape. Efficacy on False Oleander Scale on Southern Magnolia ‘Little Gem’, Braman, GA, 2012. The adults reach up to 2mm long, the immature stages (crawlers) are much smaller. (1993) developed a hot water treatment that will kill all stages of this species on bird of paradise plants, Strelitzia reginae. Life Cycle. in 1942. False oleander scale, an armored scale, was first described in California from palms taken in quarantine from China. Table 43. Armored scales like this are very difficult to control when mature. Heavy infestations cause the entire leaf to turn Horticultural oils are often effective and relatively safe on Rinse your pruning tools in rubbing alcohol between cuts and after use so they don't spread scale nymphs, and dispose of the fronds in … Do you accept? Youth Livestock; Youth Poultry; 4-H Safety Programs False oleander scale, an armored scale, was first described in California from palms taken in quarantine from China. Almost 40% of the Clemson Plant and Pest Diagnostic Clinic sample submissions for home landscapes during 2012 and 2013 were scale insect pests, and of these, almost 90% of the species were the more difficult to control armored scales. Naked eye and 30× views of armored scale species. You don’t have to wait on our results if you want to give it a try this year. Scientific Name Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli Scientific Author (Cooley, 1897) Taxonomy (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) Pest Status 0 Unknown Status NZ - Exotic Reliability High Download PDF. False oleander scale (FOS) can be a serious pest of southern magnolia, palms, and aucuba. false oleander scale look identical to males of snout scale in Fig. 0 Unknown; Description. bag or envelope to either DPI or your local county Cooperative Extension Service office. (Homoptera: Diaspididae) in India and Australia. The male exuviae are terminal with a faint yellowish tinge. ; Nerium oleander, oleander; Michelia figo, banana shrub; Elaesgnus spp. False oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, is a tropical and subtropical pest originally from China. Merrill GB. Hara et al. False oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli, is a tropical and subtropical pest originally from China. Photos by Lyle Buss, University of Florida and Muhammad Z. Horticultural oils are often effective and relatively safe on beneficial organisms. False Oleander Scale. Trade and brand names used in this publication are given for information purposes only. If you see a bright yellow blob under the scale, then it is alive; however, a brown and dry scale means it is likely dead. Figure 3. For more information on the biology and management of scale insects and mealybugs, consult your regional Extension agent or read more at Common Insects and Disease Pests of Turfgrasses and Ornamentals, ANR 910 and Controlling Scale Insects and Mealybugs, ANR 2423. All life stages of the scale may be found throughout the year. Origin. These results lead us to believe there are benefits to an insecticide application in spring (January to mid-March). It is one of the most polyphagous insects known, reported from 75 different plant families. Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas 3: 1-345. False oleander scales, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley), on leaf of bird-of-paradise. in Florida, Georgia and Alabama, and probably occurs in all of the Gulf States. False oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley). The scales cluster, appearing as small, white specks or spots on the surface of leaves growing on the upper part of an oleander plant. Please review our Privacy Statement for more information. 1991. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 87:518-520. Jan 31, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Bryant Traylor. The adult male scale is elongate. Using a second application of oil in June may help reduce the July population peak. Cooperative Extension System, Posted by: David Held, Kendra Carson, Elijah Carroll, Augusta Thurmond, Oluwatomi Ibiyemi. It was first found in Florida at Meade Gardens, Winter Park, Orange County, by J. R. Springer on sweetbay ( Magnolia virginiana L.) in 1942. The rapid distribution throughout Florida can be Plant Board of Florida. Florida Department of Agricultural and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. False oleander scale is probably not a good name as this species has over 100 plant species False oleander scales seldom harm the plants, but cycad scales reproduce at an astonishing rate and may kill small sagos within weeks. Live Female False Oleander Scale With Covering Removed. All life stages peaked in mid-July and in mid-November. Everyone is welcome! Individual scales are tiny; a male is about 3/100 inch long. Males usually occur in clusters on the leaf. Dan Gill's garden advice: Spray oleander bushes to prevent scale insects My oleander bush has white spots on the leaves. The size of the female scale may vary with the host. This article related to members of the insect family Diaspididae is a stub. These armored scales cause yellowing of … To try and reduce spring FOS populations, we will investigate a monthly application from October to January. Miller and Davidson (1990) consider this species to be a serious pest in a small area of the world. beneficial organisms. ‘Zee’ Ahmed, FDACS-DPI. slightly smaller on palmetto than on aucuba. 4-H. 4-H Forestry; 4-H Livestock Program. The fewest number of females with eggs occurred in late January through mid-March. If you do, let us know what you think. Start With Cultural Treatments. County, by J. R. Springer on sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana L.) in 1942. This scale is also an important pest of Mangifera indica, mango (Crane 2006). Figure 2. Therefore, you have to lift the covering to determine if the scale is dead or alive. false oleander scale Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli Cooley, 1897. The females deposit eggs under their “shell”. Scientific Name Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli Scientific Author (Cooley, 1897) Taxonomy (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) Pest Status 0 Unknown Status NZ - Exotic Reliability High Download PDF. Page menu options: Main; Other Names; Commodity Type; Distribution; Host Family; References; Web Links; Common Names. Figure 1. Entomophaga, 31(2):139-151 . It was first found in Florida at Meade Gardens, Winter Park, Orange On magnolia trees, false oleander scale looks like small white bumps on the leaves, and magnolia scale appears as yellow waxy blobs about one-quarter to one-half inch across on the branches. It has a waxy covering that is whiter than olive scale with a yellow or light brown spot near the center. This means the southeastern part of the state around Wilmington where the scales are very common. Since the scale is spread False Oleander Scale This insect appears on the leaf tops, forming 3 mm white spots. We carefully lifted the covering of thousands of scales under the microscope to check life states. The most commonly targeted stages for management are females and crawlers (mobile baby scales). Horticulture oils are efficient at killing females and are safer for beneficial insects. Management of the false oleander scale, Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (Cooley). Early August had the greatest percent of females with eggs (45%). Fern scale appears as white dashes on the fronds. Established infestations in the United States were first re corded by Merrill (4) at three locations in Florida and Georgia. False oleander scale is an armored scale. “Treatments would follow normal procedures for managing any armored scale. Visit www.aces.edu/directory. For more information, contact your county Extension office. Its feeding causes chlorotic spots that are visible on the upper leaf surface. They are producing crawlers now so it is time to monitor their activity and plan management as needed. Time sprays to coincide with the crawler stage which is most susceptible Search MSU Extension Search.