Farsi is the direct descendant of Old Persian, which was the language of the Persian Empire. The word for king, kuningas, comes from the old Germanic word *kuningaz—which no longer exists in any Germanic language. Lithuanian is one of the oldest languages in Europe, retaining features of the ancient proto Indo-European language. Today it is the official language of Greece and Cyprus. You can learn this fascinating language by using online resources and other study materials, and by making contact with Lithuanian speakers. Lithuanian is a beautiful combination of old and new, an ancient language with a modern wardrobe. It is spoken natively by some of the Basque people who live in Spain and France, but it is completely unrelated to any Romance language (which French and Spanish are) or indeed any other language in the world. The language is truly old and is similar to the classical Indian language Sanskrit, as well as to ancient Latin and Greek to some extent. An earlier Baltic language, Old Prussian, was extinct by the 18th century; the other Western Baltic languages, Curonian and Sudovian, became extinct earlier. It is the official language of Lithuania and also recognized as a minority language in Poland.Spoken By: Approximately 2.9 million native Lithuanian speakers in Lithuania; Approximately 200,000 people abroad Based on the latest texts that were found, the language likely started in 450 BC. Mandarin and other Chinese dialects such as Cantonese have gone through the “middle Chinese” phase, Hokkien did not. The Oldest Language. On the other hand, Lithuanian is one of the most conservative Indo-European languages. She is a direct descendant of old Chinese. All Indo-European languages are exactly equally as old as any other. There are around 3 million citizens in Lithuania that speak the language, and about 200,000 speakers living abroad. Speakers of Persian today could pick up a piece of writing from 900 CE and read it with considerably less difficulty than an English speaker could read, say, Shakespeare. Sumerian is older than Egyptian, but it only lasted as a spoken language until around 2000 BC, when it was replaced by another language, called Akkadian. Hokkien is the oldest Sinitic language alive today. Lithuania Number of speakers:3 million Lithuanian is a good example of why it’s so hard to answer the question “What is the oldest living language?” On one hand, the earliest written record we have of Lithuanian is from 1500 AD. Linguists are particularly interested in Lithuanian because it is considered to be the oldest surviving Indo-European language. The Indo-European languages closest to Lithuanian are Slavic and Germanic languages, and not today's Kashmiri-Hindustani (descendents of Sanskrit), nor even old Sanskrit itself, but that will be the theme for future articles. This … This includes languages like Selonian (Eastern Baltic), Old Semigallian (Eastern Baltic), Sudovian (Western Baltic), Old Prussian (Western Baltic), and a few more. Modern Persian took form around 800 CE, and one of the things that differentiates it from many modern languages is that it has changed relatively little since then. Lithuanian is a minority language in Poland and has official status in the European Union and Lithuania. You might also like: How The Iranian Horror Film Under the Shadow Scared a Bunch of Critics. On the other hand, Lithuanian is one of the most conservative Indo-European languages. If you’re a fan of science fiction, you’ve most likely read a story or ten that has to do with time travel – it’s one of the most fascinating subjects in fiction. The earliest proof that the written Sumerian language existed was the Kish Tablet, which was found in Iraq. Conservative Language. Lithuanian is one of the oldest languages in Europe, retaining features of the ancient proto Indo-European language. So you will quickly grasp how sentences are build in Lithuanian. A Quick History of the Lithuanian People and Territory. Lithuanian is related to Ancient Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit. Official Germanic version is ridiculous and not even close. It is a member of the Finno-Ugric language family, which also includes Estonian, Hungarian, and several smaller languages spoken by minority groups across Siberia. Steps. While the modern version differs from the Biblical version, native speakers of Hebrew can fully comprehend what is written in the Old Testament and its connected texts. Lithuanian language belongs to the Baltic group of the Indo-European languages. That’s why we refer to it as a ‘conservative’ language – because it has resisted change so effectively over the centuries. and Goodbye in Lithuanian! Lithuanian is closely related to Sanskrit, Latin and Ancient Greek, and has retained the sounds and grammar rules from the ancient era in a far better way than any of its linguistic cousins. If you enjoyed this article, why not check out the great pieces in our Explore Your World Through Language campaign. Sir: In his obituary of the late Dyfnallt Morgan (17 October), D. Ben Rees describes Welsh as 'the oldest living tongue in Europe'. It is the oldest surviving Indo-European language, which has preserved the most phonetical and morphological aspects of the proto-language which … Tamil, a language spoken by about 78 million people and recognized as an official language in Sri Lanka and Singapore, is the only classical language that has survived all the way through to the modern world. You can learn this fascinating language by using online resources and other study materials, and by making contact with Lithuanian speakers. 1. The only thing that’s clear is that it existed in that area before the arrival of the Romance languages—that is, before the Romans got there with the Latin that would eventually develop into French and Spanish. Lithuanian belongs to the Baltic group of the Indo-European family of languages. Spoken By: Approximately 13 million. DR. PETRAS JONIKAS — Associate Professor of philology at the state universities of Vytautas the Great in Kaunas and Vilnius University in Vilnius, Lithuania in 1942 as well as an Associate Professor at the Baltic University in Hambura, Germany in 1946-1949—is now the President of the Institute of Lithuanian Studies in Chicago. Like Ancient Greek, our language has preserved long and short vowel sounds, as well as vowel sounds at the end of words, and the free emphasis that … A Brief Summary of the Lithuanian Language. The Lithuanian language is like a workout for the brain: anthropologists say that its archaic letters and unusual-sounding words really make our brains exercise. NINTH - the oldest pottery found in the Baltic is in Latvia. It means that Lithuanians can recognize some words while listening to … This is what illustrator Minna Sundberg has captured in an elegant infographic of a language tree which reveals some fascinating ancestry links between the oldest languages. Language evolution is like biological evolution—it happens minutely, generation by generation, so there’s no distinct breaking point between one language and the next language that develops from it. In case you haven’t heard of Farsi, it’s a language spoken in modern-day Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, among other places. ; Category:Lithuanian appendices: Pages containing additional information about Lithuanian. 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