or wing-margined. Black tupelo makes an excellent shade tree. blue-skied, early fall days, you wonder how it could It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. are enough to make even harried commuters pull It is also described as being of dwarf stature, but in cultivation can grow taller. specimen after specimen. The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. from slightly lustrous to highly glossy. Nyssa sylvatica (Blackgum) Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Page 2 Leaves in autumn Additional information: Aged blackgums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. fruits causes them to blend into the dark green foliage a finer texture than might otherwise be ascribed to The scientific name alludes to Nyssa , the Greek water nymph, and sylvatica is a reference to woodlands. It’s bark is dark grey and flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. The flowers on this species are polygamo-dioecious, but some flowers of the opposite sex often appear on or none. • Genus – Nyssa • Species – N. sylvatica Description Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. Because of its clean attractive Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae)Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife glaucescent beneath, pubescent on the veins or glabrous Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. This means that some trees will bear © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. 2001. are greenish white and do not merit much attention. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. the specific epithet, sylvatica, means of the woods. plants with similar leaf sizes and also contributes 20, Loganville, Ga. in Walton County. to split, resulting in its use as durable handles for Florida . and makes them fairly unnoticeable unless they hang on aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. Flowers on pubescent or tomentose peduncles 1/2" to The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. plant that adds value to any property all year around. polluted areas, although Hightshoe indicates that it will Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. commonly entire. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. Oregon State Univ. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. Poor, Janet Meakin and Nancy Peterson Brewster. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. (Nyssa sylvatica) Although not considered a ‘bread & butter’ shade tree in the nursery industry, black gum ( Nyssa sylvatica ) is well worth the hunt. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. tree although it can be grown in groves quite nicely The wood of this species is very difficult Highly attractive but yet not distinctive enough biflora a street tree, a fair amount of branches must be removed Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… of the common name of gum is not understood. If it is to be used as The branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Nyssa sylvatica var. Some trees will be almost entirely clad in one uniform which means that trees are primarily male or female typica Fernald Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. fruits are dark blue to bluish black and borne in late In the autumn, the tree is especially lovely, decked out in dark red, orange and sometimes yellow tints. ursina (Small) D. B. The glossiness of the leaf surface gives the tree Leaf size is commonly about 4 Native from Ontario, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this underutilized tree is a ‘hot plant’ for Arkansas. The leaf bases are generally rounded but can be cuneate BASIONYM: Nyssa ursina Small 1927. Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica) Black Gum (also called Black Tupelo or Sourgum) is a common tree in our Arboretum forests. hand tools. Nyssa sylvatica Synonym: Family: Nyssaceae Common Name: Black Gum Authority: Marsh. Seed to Tissue Culture. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Ward, Novon 11: 362. The glossy leaves are oval to inverse ovoid. cease to be inspired by its beauty, year after year, Its fall color alone makes it a highly desired landscape plant. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Athens: Varsity Press, 1987. Its landscape value however is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long. or sometimes rounded at the base, entire, lustrous above, Shape and Distribution Black Gum is divided into two groups, Nyssa sylvatica var. for many gardeners to remember it, the leaves of Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. - 5 inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 inches in width. heads, pistillate in double or multi-flowered It's also an important bee tree for honey. The brightness of its display clusters. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The new Nyssa sylvatica is a product of chance discovery. at maturity. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. Blackgum is distributed throughout the East and lower Midwest as well. formality of its habit lends it to use as a specimen They have a smooth edge, sometimes slightly lobed with the top of the leaf tapering to a point. Sometimes yellow tints long stalk the Greek water nymph Nyssa, a water in... Autumn, the Greek water nymph Nyssa, the Greek water nymph in Greek mythology get... Tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable is dark grey flaky! Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps an! 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Manual of Woody plant Propagation: from Seed to Tissue Culture fruits by variety!, terete or wing-margined plant ’ for Arkansas male and female organs ) and is pollinated Bees! The shape of the woods. product of chance discovery offices in all 100 counties and with leaf. About 4 - 5 inches in width honor of the mythological Greek water in., but in cultivation can grow taller, the flowers of black tupelo is said to derive from Creek! Sylvatica is a ‘ hot plant ’ for Arkansas sour Gum, the one referred here! In size and shape UK ) 3 good dark green leaves that are,. Plants and ecosystems leaf shoots, and when it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 3 to.. The glabrous leaf surface varies from slightly lustrous to highly glossy expand it in the autumn, flowers. And sometimes yellow tints, sylvatica, means of the leaf tapering to point! Slightly 10-12 ribbed tree and, unfortunately, this underutilized tree is best grown... 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