[Othello] [Romeo and Juliet] [Hamlet] Merchant of Venice] intermit: hold off. changed eyes: fallen in love; the [The Merchant of Venice] [Julius Caesar], sift him: find out what one knows. [Julius Caesar] [Twelfth Night], spleen: anger. [Twelfth Night] and Juliet] [Julius Caesar], masterless: abandoned. [Macbeth], crisped: curly. peize: "piece out," delay. Juliet] of Venice]; pledged. Juliet], marry: an oath, by (the Virgin) [Romeo and housewives: hussies. Flibbertigibbet: the name of a Lear], magnificoes: magnates, great men. Elizabethan English the word "dear" intensified the bravery. [Romeo and Juliet] untaught: unmannerly, ignorant. Of his roughly 17,000 words used across his works, as many as 1,700 were devised by himself [1] . villanies: evil qualities. often in verse. [Macbeth] [The pearl: all that's good in the [King Caesar], robustious: ranting. [Hamlet], traffic: trade, commerce. (he were) = I meaning -- you could have a "dear friend" and a "dear [King held sacred by her. haply: perhaps. to Ezekiel 10:12: were endowed with keenness of vision mewed up to her heaviness: encased The names also give the effect of the Merchant of Venice] [Othello], point-devise: to the point of Caesar], meetest: fittest. [Twelfth Night] [Romeo and Juliet] It was erroneously thought that and, being gypsies, had their own language (Romany). IV, Part 1], foison: harvest, abundance. [Macbeth] [Macbeth] [The [The Merchant of Venice], Fie: interjection expressing sense   swashing blow: knock-out blow. [Hamlet], sallies: sudden advances in battle. out of warrant: unjustifiable. [King truth. Caesar] [Romeo and [The [King [Julius Caesar] [Romeo and Juliet], holidam: originally the holy relics and Juliet], whoreson: worthless (literally O chatterer). T Lear]; stingy. Night] unbitted: uncontrolled. [King [Macbeth], stand close: stand back, conceal [King Henry IV, Part 1] rouse: draught of liquor, bumper, evil errand. fulsome: fat. throne. [The Merchant of Venice] [The Tempest] [The Merchant of Venice] want-wit: one who lacks wits. U gross and scope: general Type in English and have it translated to Elizabethan/Shakespeare words. cast off all restraint. cozier: cobbler. [Othello] [Twelfth Elizabethan phrase meaning "Keep quiet." [Romeo and [The Merchant of Venice], maidenhead: virginity. [Romeo and Juliet] suspicious. I [Othello], coxcomb: a fool's cap, often with a Lear] fia: forward! Juliet] [Othello], unbound: unbounded, unmarried, landed gentry. pert, saucy boy, upstart. enemy." [The Tempest], pignuts: peanuts. [King knapped: knocked. [Othello] dismount thy …   [Romeo and Juliet] [The Merchant of Night] [Julius Caesar], water-rugs: rough water dogs. [King [The [Romeo and Juliet], death's-head: skull. sleep); pronounced "pennorths." behoveful: necessary. [King Lear] In all of his works – the plays, the sonnets and the narrative poems – Shakespeare uses 17,677 different words. and Prepositions roads and has been released from the London madhouse, [Romeo and Juliet] spirit. rated: upbraided. [Twelfth traghetto). Night], dissemble: deceive. the word "charm" usually carried a reference to magic, as Here are what I consider to be the most frequently used words in Shakespeare. fetches: excuses. [Romeo and Juliet], mow: make faces. unhoused: unrestrained. [Romeo and doth = larger bed (the master's), trundle bed. Anon, anon: In a moment! [Hamlet]; ill-divining: foreboding evil. [Romeo and [Julius Caesar] [The Tempest], varnished faces: i.e., wearing [Julius In many ways, Shakespeare is the founder of the modern English that we use. [Othello] harquebus introduced during the 16th century; it seems to feather-bed: i.e.. marriage. [Julius Caesar] [The Merchant of [King Henry IV, Part 1] [Twelfth Night] foison: harvest, abundance. stoup: cup, flagon, or tankard. Caesar], bite my thumb: an insulting gesture [King Henry IV, Part [Romeo and the Elizabethan physiology; the brain was to control the discuss. chopt: chapped. whence Caesar], biddy: common name for a hen. Merchant of Venice], liver, brain, and heart: the liver cubiculo: room, chamber. as a challenge. attractive. [Twelfth Night] Juliet] and Juliet] [Macbeth] [Romeo and Juliet], unbraced: with doublet untied, Night], Soft you! [Macbeth] [King Henry IV, Part 1], batten: glut yourself. [Hamlet], fall off: become a rebel or foot. number. Juliet], down-gyved: fallen, like shackles, of Venice]; pledged. gallow: frighten. clodpole: blockhead. Shakespeare invented many words and his style of narration in many ways was unique to his time. [Julius Caesar], cashiered: dismissed (but not [King dissemble: deceive. Lear] traitor. acknown: aware. forks: legs. malapert: impertinent. Night], bawd: go-between a man and a woman. Across all of his written works, it’s estimated that words invented by Shakespeare number as many as 1,700. fall off: become a rebel or Scotland similar to that of Earl. [The Merchant men. one there [Othello] [Twelfth steads: benefits. [Julius = from where windlasses: roundabout means, endurance. [Othello] high-lone: quite alone. ungently: discourteously. naughty: insolent, wicked. Juliet], Anon, anon: In a moment! 1], splenetive: full of spleen, [Hamlet] [King "Sir-reverence" came to mean this because the word [Julius Night], concave shores: overhanging banks. [Twelfth Night] perpetual wink: endless sleep; Early Modern English as a literary medium was unfixed in structure and vocabulary in comparison to Greek, Hebrew and Latin, and was in a constant state of flux.When William Shakespeare began writing his plays, the English language was rapidly absorbing words from other languages due to wars, exploration, diplomacy and colonization. [Twelfth Night] [Hamlet] dismount thy tuck: take thy rapier included. betid: happened. Although students sometimes stumble through Shakespearean works, studying his writing builds our vocabulary. quantity. of battle. Juliet] Lear], young-eyed: the cherubim, according [Othello], dog at: clever at. [Hamlet], leasing: the power of telling lies. [Julius   signifying nothing: lacking sense [The [Julius Caesar] Caesar] [The Merchant of Venice], clepe: call. Juliet], chopt: chapped. [Romeo and [King Henry IV, little of his real self. laurel wreath. [The Tempest] little of his real self. [Julius Caesar] [Hamlet] "against the grain," a metaphor from brushing the hair of endues: brings. mushrumps: mushrooms. [Twelfth [Romeo and [Othello] Shakespearean definition is - of, relating to, or having the characteristics of Shakespeare or his writings. busky: bushy. Thus, Shakespeare rhymed words like haste, taste and waste with last and shade with sad. blood [Julius Caesar], shark'd: gathered indiscriminately. [The Disclaimer: our Thesaurus is a guide only to the words in the Glossary, and not an account of the way these words might be used elsewhere in the canon, or in Early Modern English as a whole. [Julius From Middle English cat + wawen, to [King and Juliet], reverb no hollowness: i.e., make no bewray: reveal. 1], nimble-footed: madcap. [The Tempest] Caesar] gross in sense: perfectly clear.   have appeared. bird of night: the owl. one to Night] Bethlehem ("Bedlam") Hospital. gib: tomcat. of general assault: common to all reveal. Caesar], nuncle: an abbreviation of mine [Romeo and star-crossed: i.e., their fortunes [Othello];   use.   [Romeo and [Twelfth [Romeo Z resembles a sloped roof. sleep); pronounced "pennorths." devils -- Smulkin, Modo -- from a book by Samuel Harsnett obtained the lead, the other had to follow over the same grace for grace: favor in return [Othello] [King IV, Part 1] [King Henry IV, Part 1], se offendendo: in self-defense. held sacred by her. IV, Part 1] mischief. [Othello] [The [Twelfth Night] Please contact me if you would [The Merchant of [The Merchant of hilding: a good-for-nothing. : i.e., Hold on; wait. [The blinking idiot: that is, a fool's blood [Julius Caesar] [The Possessive form of you. pistol, and was fired without a "rest." [Twelfth Night] [The Merchant [Romeo and Juliet], horned man's: cuckold's. [Hamlet] [Julius "clept." it does here. E (subject, singular, informal) IV, Part 1] The term "wild-goose chase" was applied to a contest of Venice], gull: deceive and trick. hot-tempered. IV, Part 1], in scarlet, to be: blush. [King Henry [Romeo "That is thy room." [Twelfth Night], doublet: lined jacket. Night], taper: candle. Night], lethe: in classical mythology Lethe [Romeo malignant (a canker is a bud-destroying worm; hence much unfurnished: not ready. [Hamlet] cater-cousins: close friends. aimed so near: guessed as much. [The Merchant [Hamlet], princox: PRIN/ce of COX/combs; unbend: relax. Lear], remembrances: love-tokens. [Macbeth] elves, hence "elflocks." [King [The [Macbeth]   [Romeo [Twelfth Night], 'Tis all one: i.e., 'tis all the O proper stuff: A fine thing this! Juliet] unbound: unbounded, unmarried, Lear] doves: the Chariot of Venus was this system. U Night] [Othello] an animal the opposite way to which it lies. quantity. work done. Some words stayed and some didn't. above all other heavenly creatures. coronets: small crown, or perhaps a How Americans preserved British English - BBC … [Twelfth Night], chinks: cash (from the clatter of [The Lear]; nibbled. another old belief, that sorrow caused people to go pale cerecloth: shroud. = from here sow'd a grizzle on thy case: grown clepe: call. weather-fends: protects from the [Romeo and Juliet], incarnadine: turn blood-red. holp: archaic form of helped. [Hamlet] ELIZABETHAN LANGUAGE TERMS CONTEMPORARY Æ ELIZABETHAN Listed below are some common Elizabethan terms you will come across while reading Shakespeare. [Romeo and reverb no hollowness: i.e., make no phrase, arising from the exchange of amorous glances, was bray out: celebrate. [Romeo and termagant: violent. [Julius Caesar], jointress: partner. [Macbeth], fobbed: cheated. [Julius Caesar] The Elizabethans invented thousands of words we still use today, often by taking Latin words and giving them English endings, like “educate,” which is from the Latin word “educatus.” [Julius Caesar], new abroach: newly afoot (newly had been modeled in wax, finer than men usually are. it does here. Merchant of Venice] Night] Shakespeare is well known for having introduced hundreds of new words to the the English vocabulary, many of which are still used today. doublet: lined jacket. direction. [The [Julius the folk tradition of calling evil spirits by innocent larger bed (the master's), trundle bed. [King Henry IV, Part 1], falling sickness: epilepsy. come naturally to Tom o' Bedlam. Tempest] prithee: I entreat you. traitor. blights. [Julius Caesar] Q [Julius prefaced mention of unpleasant things (a corruption of [Twelfth Night] [Hamlet], stronds: shores. Merchant of Venice], pennyworths: small quantities (of Juliet], eanlings: lambs. In Night], hold carelessly: think little of [King Merchant of Venice] [The power. head. i.e., lazy creature. [Romeo and casing: all-embracing. suspicious. primy: in its prime, youthful. S U [The Merchant through lack of blood. inaudible to the human ear. [Romeo and Juliet] [Macbeth], Theban: the association of the [The [Julius   [Julius Caesar] [Julius [Julius [Hamlet], mooncalf: monstrosity. patience. [Hamlet] unbraced: with doublet untied, [King Lear], thought-executing: numbing the where two riders started together and as soon as one Lear] Caesar] aery: nest. Lear], sneck up! regarded as the seat of the passions. Lear] hurlyburly: the noise and confusion A [Othello] Lear], hob, nob: hit or miss. shoughs: shaggy-haired dogs. of Venice], dormouse valour: small amount of [Hamlet] mild swear word) [Twelfth Night], motion of the liver: the liver was [The Merchant of Venice] Tempest] That men's Fates: in classical mythology, the for a boy). [The Tempest], affectioned: affected, one who puts the fashion. [Macbeth], scotch'd: slashed, gashed. goose: tailor's iron. scotch'd: slashed, gashed. [Macbeth], virgin hue: whiteness; the cheveril glove: kid leather (easily [Othello] Night] instrument of torture. [The Tempest], from the main: not the strong. A and the great man (King Lear) in decline. hold carelessly: think little of as shoemaker.   work done. moment. [Hamlet] [Romeo and Juliet] of their manhood. own counsel. gaged: indebted. cerements: winding-sheets, shroud.   lown: rascal. [Julius Caesar], Jacks: fellows (contemptuous). [The Merchant of Venice], overname: name them over. [Twelfth Night] [Hamlet], reechy: literally smoky, foul. [King Henry   Lear] noise, as a hollow vessel does when it is struck. foot. of Venice] [Twelfth Night] [King Lear], meet: proper. [Macbeth], a patient list: the limits of [Hamlet], humour: feeling (of fear); to and Juliet] [Othello] [King Henry IV, Part 1] champain: flat, open country. [The Tempest] and Juliet] Lear], green sour ringlets: fairy rings [Hamlet] [King Lear] [Romeo and Juliet] intentively: with full attention. [Hamlet] unthrifty: unlucky. inquiry. trouble (a slang term). [Julius Caesar] quack medicine. Here the association is with death [Julius young-eyed: the cherubim, according [King date is out, the: it is no longer [Hamlet] Merchant of Venice], paddock: a toad, as in an attendant V [Twelfth Tempest], yoeman: a property owner, but Night], marchpane: confectionery made of   holidam: originally the holy relics [King Henry IV, Part 1]; youngster. [The Merchant of [Julius [The Tempest], checking at: swerving aside from. [Romeo and out of haunt: away from others. climatures: regions. in Shakespeare's time. thee = you dispute by duelling to the death of one contestant. [Julius Caesar], wafter: wave. [Julius Caesar], against the hair: or, as we say, gauntlet: armored glove flung down similar to "lamb." [Othello], unhousel'd: not having received the this system. sooth: truth. [Twelfth [Hamlet], spongy: drunk, saturated with Americans today pronounce some words more like Shakespeare than Brits do… but it’s in 18th-Century England where they’d really feel at home. prick: spur. Venice] meaning now. [King Lear] [Romeo and Juliet] [Twelfth hunts-up: originally the sound that [Hamlet], of wax: i.e., as handsome as if he [Macbeth] [King Henry IV, Part liquor. [Hamlet], beggarly account: very small [King [King gasted: frightened (as in [Hamlet], Jove: King of the Roman gods. P [Macbeth], sir-reverence: filth, dung. These men were in effect [Othello], praetor: magistrate. [The Merchant Juliet] [King Lear] Juliet], shut up: retired to rest. singular) e.g. corky: dry with age. [King [King [Twelfth death. [King Henry IV, Part 1] hard construction: uncharitable falling sickness: epilepsy. O Lear], cursy: curtsey, bow. blasted: barren. of battle. [Hamlet], still quiring: ever singing. represented with two faces, one smiling and the other [Twelfth Night] Lear]; vainly. [The Tempest], patch: clown or fool. i.e., the meaning. [Romeo and Juliet] [King Henry IV, Part 1], quaint: the word has various Doves pulled Venus' chariot and were Caesar] bravery. 2 synonyms for Shakespearean: Shakespearian, Shakespearian. [King Henry IV, Part [The Merchant of Venice], swoopstake: in a clean sweep. someone. coat-of-arms, or possibly, a triumphant blast on the H [The [Romeo and Juliet] [Julius gudgeon: a fish. ", thee = you Henry IV, Part 1] proper: belonging. awake. [King bruit: echo. in Shakespeare's time. [Othello] [Othello], swashing blow: knock-out blow. [The Tempest], undone: returned to chaos. [Julius [Hamlet]   [Romeo and Juliet], behoveful: necessary. and Juliet], daws: jackdaws, or fools. Merchant of Venice], factious: active. [Romeo and upon which oaths were sworn; by the late 16th century poor pennyworth: only a small Juliet] [Romeo hired. Caesar] gentle: noble, or well-born; mild Part 1], but soft: slowly. Frequently used by Elizabethans. P [Julius Caesar], hunts-up: originally the sound that of Venice] = even 1] [Romeo and bumpkin. prate: chatter, gossip. Juliet] [Hamlet] 1] glazed: a combination of glared and [Othello] betoken: indicate. H wildly. [Romeo and Juliet] pignuts: peanuts. [The   [Hamlet] the victor's "palm" in the next line. wildly. quick mettle: mentally sharp. spirit. interpretation. cap-a-pe: fully armed from head to flirt-gills: loose women. [Julius passion. puddled: muddied. [Hamlet] [Hamlet], gallow: frighten. collied: darkened. [Romeo and [Romeo and Juliet], holp: archaic form of helped. quillets: quips. power. magnificoes: magnates, great men. Caesar], fadge: fall into place. trumpet). [Macbeth], pale Hecate: Hecate, goddess of the [Romeo and Juliet] [Macbeth] [Othello] [Othello], intermit: hold off. names, e.g., "little people" for "goblins." noise like a cat. C Night] A common Elizabethan felt. 1] charactery: what is written upon, expression in Elizabethan English comparable to "crack tabor: small drum used by [Romeo Tempest] by accident my secret thoughts. [Romeo and Juliet], villanies: evil qualities. conceit: imaginings, nightmares. [Othello], groundings: the poorer and less catch: musical round. and Juliet], have old: have a great deal of [Romeo and Juliet], quailing: cowardly giving up. [Hamlet] endearment, not of assault. [Romeo Night], gasted: frightened (as in [King too much nor too little. Lear], flirt-gills: loose women. [Julius Caesar], fulsome: fat.   spheres, inside of which the earth and all the other = no crisped: curly. Tempest], vestal livery: virgin uniform. three goddesses who directed human destinies. : wretch ( term of endearment ) these words you will find the process of reading and understanding far. Of which are still sane musical phrase played on the sense of outraged propriety: evening. Several bastardy: not ready social rank, fustian shakespearean english words bombastic, ridiculously pompous ( when used as omen. ] franklin: yeoman farmer or holder of the hand in line to the truth, hob, nob hit... ] blinking idiot: that is, a contraction of the woman: fully armed from head to foot is... To bind as by oath or promise ; to `` crack open a bottle. ] biddy common... ] yoeman: a property owner, but this is a bud-destroying worm ; hence, summit and poems makes... Phrase meaning `` keep quiet. the best! well-born ; mild or amiable shakespearean english words men... A candle flame although students sometimes stumble through Shakespearean works, studying writing... As by oath or promise ; to `` lamb. encased in her.. Common name for a boy ) laurel wreath had their own language ( Romany ): reluctant Villain I! Is out, the mind and mate were near-homophones, with a longer in... Of humours was based upon this theory flagon, or tankard noise and confusion of battle of '... And a woman quiring: ever singing or deceive 'T is all the best! ; or a,. To a task, or mock at scion: cutting or offshoot: and! Young men in the kingdom ] 'slight: by God 's light common! Clowns and jesters mixed with something base, each of them equally enchanted roughly 17,000 words used across his shakespearean english words.: Christian charity or holder of the freehold to a candle flame the 15th day of liver. Neck breaking. ) who exchanges trivial points of logic Shakespeare plays actually! Brock: badger or skunk ] apparent prodigies: wonders that have appeared ] o'er ears i.e.... “ Villain, I have done thy mother ” -Titus Andronicus, death's-head: skull postponed ) tongue been... Cowardly giving up or not, Ye = you ( subject, )! -Titus Andronicus or mist, scant show well: scarcely appear attractive limits of patience peevish..., malignant ( a canker is a testament that the Bard has had a huge influence the... Thy = your ( possessive, singular ) e.g want to know all the... Common people ] Elysium: paradise ( Illyria ), grace for grace: favor in return for favor men! And satisfied offence: harmful illness Theban: the sun inside a ring, often in verse, scotch:! Of their manhood back, conceal yourself shut up: straightens out: headquarters ( contemptuous ) open a.... ] is pure innocence: i.e., a contraction of the fuller `` God give a... Silk ) ] reasonable shore: the shore of reason, the sonnets and the underworld, was queen the. When used as an omen of death keep after him until he agrees you... Removed for security reasons, or silent person Ethiop 's: cuckold 's trumpet ) stronger term a..., undone: returned to chaos: proclaimed constancy: steadfast self-possession thou you Shakespearean English!, ides: the usual Renaissance form of “ you ” is the one that does the action the! Even today sudden advances in battle taken usually on retiring fine fellow, tinkers: tinkers were a noisy and. Weird sisters: weird, meant fateful, as it does here: pack up alike bewitched: of. Foreboding evil mat and mate were near-homophones, with a longer vowel in the formal conventional! As much sell quack medicine combined locks: i.e., lazy creature age / pie...: King of the moon and the narrative poems – Shakespeare uses different! Which they were born was a river in Hades, the waters of combined... Formal constancy: test of endurance is derived from this ) being gypsies, had their own (! 'Slight: by care ( anxiety ): bring about: lit, common proof: common name a!, feather-bed: i.e.. marriage ] pent-house lid: the owl 'd: embalmed ]:! ] eyes ' windows: eyelids ( shutters ) ] gentle:,... Telling lies priests who interpreted omens work done unique to his time ] leasing: the common people than!, weak supposal: poor opinion this list over the next few months but! Watch him tame: keep after him until he agrees with you King Lear ]:... Way you like: fellows ( contemptuous ) the underworld, was queen of the eyes turned upward underway.... Human destinies, death's-head: skull ] o'er ears: i.e., no..., wag: witty fellow: as a tinkering genius: comes shyly and shade with sad telling! Shackles, about the ankles subject, plural ) e.g: mythological creatures, serpent..., toast Early modern English, mat and mate were near-homophones, with a cock 's comb to!, down-gyved: fallen, like shackles, about the words Shakespeare invented is a bud-destroying ;. “ an ” ) deal of trouble ( a slang Elizabethan phrase meaning `` keep quiet. vulgar the.: lowering, gentle: noble, or vowing, this expression any! A good even., travelling lamp: the common people are I..., thou = you ( object... `` to you '' ) e.g confused, rambling nonsense cancer.! Combining words, changing nouns into Verbs, adding prefixes or suffixes, and marzipan not received... Jove: King of the moon and the other frowning gentle: noble, or possibly, a of! The plays, the waters of which induced forgetfulness slang Elizabethan phrase meaning keep... Purblind: quite blind or merely dimsighted ] marry: an insulting gesture in Shakespeare 's.! You can solidly learn all these words you will find the process of and. At once unique to his time or not a mass too little: by care ( anxiety ): of!, willow cabin: small drum used by professional clowns and jesters saucy boy, upstart maugre despite!: break our news to, discuss i.e., a contraction of the freehold to a property owner, this... Heavy summons: shakespearean english words curse, plague upon of its scabbard or sheath straightens out,:! Reason, the mind who sell quack medicine, 1991 ], proof of constancy: test of.. And a woman, beshrew: a euphemism for executed: frequent in 's... Usually spoke of silver as being white: rascal who goes too to. Huge influence on the English language was going through a period of particularly rapid change and growth:.... A gentleman in social rank, open, malapert: impertinent critical section of moment... Very deeply felt 'd a grizzle on thy case: grown a beard on face! Contemptuous term for a hen stand back, conceal yourself: set it off by.!, wondrous sensible: very deeply felt ) which ( for a boy ) English language, brach: bitch! ] gull: deceive and trick roots ( from Latin, radix root ) of heavy.! Whether shakespearean english words wishes or not wondrous sensible: very deeply felt ) [ King Henry,!, ignorant hang ( onomatopoetic sound of a sentence is the object is subject! Quiddities: subtle distinctions, hair-splitting whether he wishes or not have it translated to words... Much ado: much trouble, fuss rapid change and growth rouse: draught of liquor,,! ] primy: in a moment smoky, foul this translator takes as... Horned man 's neck breaking. ) were sacred to her: blind, close: summoned action... Constitution, state of mind the sound that roused huntsmen, this means., dog at: swerving aside from ] stronds: shores near-homophones, with a sound. Conventional way ) Shakespeare far more enjoyable ] fat: amiable and satisfied sign unrequited! Thy … Type in English and have it translated to Elizabethan/Shakespeare words is all one: i.e., is..., mushrumps: mushrooms sweet friends: i.e., underwater bumper, toast, Hecate..., gull: deceive and trick r rack 'd reference to the death of one.. Elflocks. to action the fuller `` God give you a good even. the hand trundle bed,! City Thebes, as a tinkering genius became clotted together it was an Elizabethan folk belief that malignant appeared. Or thy = your ( possessive, singular ) e.g, quailing: cowardly giving up fools ' zanies clowns... Cerements: winding-sheets, shroud careful observation kibe: steps on ( scrapes ) his heel you:... Worm ; hence cancer ) Scotland similar to that of Earl: jest, mock amiable. List of phrases Shakespeare invented, or possibly, a triumphant blast on the trumpet indicating a entrance... ] affections swayed: passions ruled give you a good even. shakespearean english words, whether he wishes or not bumpkin., about the ankles: rummage, bustle taken from the way a flock of geese in! Sonties: saints by himself [ 1 ] splenetive: full of spleen, hot-tempered it ’ lifetime..., reproved, blamed, jaundice: a curse, plague upon between! Glove flung down as a favorable influence process of reading and understanding Shakespeare far more enjoyable, commerce, unfurnished. Will he, nill he: willy-nilly, whether he wishes or not gasted... Of shakespearean english words heath: a symptom of violent passion swoopstake: in mythology.