Description. The seed and buds provide food source for songbirds, ruffed grouse, quail, wild turkeys, foxes, and squirrels. Ontario, Canada origin promises good cold hardiness. virginiana (Marshall) Fernald, and the southern var. It is … Carpinus caroliniana, commonly called American hornbeam, is a slow-growing, deciduous, small to medium-sized understory tree with an attractive globular form. Carpinus caroliniana ‘CCSQU’ P.P.#11,280 Palisade® American Hornbeam. Carpinus caroliniana ssp. American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, and musclewood. Carpinus caroliniana Figure 1. It gets another common name, muscle tree, from the sinewy texture of its gray, fluted, smooth trunk. Fire King™ Musclewood Carpinus caroliniana ‘J.N. May be grown in lawns or naturalized in woodland areas. The bark is smooth, gray to bluish-gray, and heavily fluted. Typically grows 20-35' tall. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Easily grown in average, medium moisture soil in part shade to full shade. Native shade tree - own root. SPECIES: Carpinus caroliniana IMMEDIATE FIRE EFFECT ON PLANT : American hornbeam is probably either top-killed or killed by most fires. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. Difficult to transplant and best moved in spring. This new clonal selection from the great American tree grower, J. Frank Schmidt & Son, offers a new way to put a reliable, repetitive element into the naturalized garden. Considerations: Said to be difficult to transplant as it does not tolerate root disturbance. The leaves are alternate with a doubly toothed margin. Older branches develop a slate gray, smooth, irregularly fluted appearance; overall appearance is similar to a flexed bicep muscle, hence the common name muscle wood. The 30–40 species of hornbeam occur across much of the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the greatest number of species in East Asia, particularly China. A wildfire severe enough to kill the hardwood component of a white oak (Q. alba) stand in Rhode Island eliminated American hornbeam from the stand. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Plant Selections introduction, Firespire® Musclewood is an upright form of Musclewood with outstanding orange-red fall color. Other common names: hornbeam, blue beech, ironwood, water beech. Alternate, simple, 2.5-5" long, 1-2" wide, ovate-oblong, doubly serrate, glabrous, Smooth, tight, thin and bluish-gray stretched over an irregularly ridged trunk. The American Hornbeam is a short, stubby tree that can have one or more trunks, each a foot wide and aesthetically pleasing. A lively mix of bright red and orange fall colors and distinctive columnar shape combine to offer a new look for a popular and widely adaptable North American native tree. Young American Hornbeam. The tree likes Sun to shade at the location and the soil should be fresh humus soils. Typically grows 20-35' tall. The bark is bluish-gray, thin, fairly smooth, and heavily fluted. The bark is bluish-gray, thin, fairly smooth, and heavily fluted. Introduction: A fine-textured tree that is related to the birches, American hornbeam is the only North American native of the genus Carpinus. Scientific name: Carpinus caroliniana Pronunciation: kar-PYE-nus kair-oh-lin-ee-AY-nuh Common name(s): American hornbeam, blue-beech, ironwood Family: Betulaceae USDA hardiness zones: 3A through 9A (Figure 2) Origin: native to the majority of the eastern United States, southeast Quebec, and southwest Ontario UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native Uses: sidewalk cutout (tree pit); deck or patio; specimen; street without sidewalk; screen; hedge; tree lawn 3–4 feet wide; tree lawn 4–6 feet wide; tree … The trunk and branches of this tree have ridges that look like muscles. The American Hornbeam is botanically called Carpinus caroliniana. Hornbeam refers to the dense, horn-like wood, and the use of the wood to make beams and ox-yokes. A Johnson’s Nursery origination; J.N. Monoecious (both male and female flowers on the same tree) male catkin is 1-2.5" long, female 3/4 inch long, 3 lobed bracts, 1-1.5" long, middle of lobe the widest. American hornbeam is a wonderful addition to a … Carpinus caroliniana: Musclewood. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow-green. These plants also provide good cover and shelter for animals. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) has three flights from February-November in the deep south and March-September in the north. Deciduous tree, 20-30 ft (6-9 m), often multi-stemmed, wide spreading, at maturity flat or round-topped. The smooth, gray trunk and larger branches of a mature tree exhibit a distinctive muscle-like fluting that has given rise to another common name of musclewood for this tree. hornbeam Betulaceae Carpinus caroliniana Walter symbol: CACA18 Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, pinnately veined, tip acuminate, doubly serrate margin; waxy, smooth green above, paler below. Zones: 3-9. American hornbeam is a slow-growing, deciduous, small to medium-sized understory tree with an attractive globular form. Habitat: Grows on moist, rocky, wooded slopes. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Carpinus caroliniana . Can be used as a specimen plant in areas not subject to root disturbance. Skylark™ Hornbeam Carpinus x 'Shelby' Introduced by: Heritage Seedlings and Liners, LLC Hybridized by: Dr. Harold Pellett, former professor at UMN, a cross between Carpinus caroliniana x Carpinus betulus ‘Fastigiata’ Exposure: Sun | Zones: 5 to 8 Height: 25 - 35' | Width: 10 - 15' Carpinus x ‘Shelby’ Skylark™ resulted from Dr. Pellett’s effort to breed a more cold-hardy fastigiate The wood has been used for tool handles, mallet heads, levers and other small wooden objects. American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) $ 35.00. Simple toothed leaves are dark green and have variable yellow, orange, red or reddish […] NC Cooperative Extension and NHC Arboretum, older bark is slate gray with muscle appearance, leaves weakly doubly serrate, parallel veins, fruits a nutlet on 3-lobed bract, lobes basal. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America. Upright’ Description & Overview. In early spring, yellow-green, male and fuzzy, yellow-green, female flowers mature. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana), also called blue-beech, ironwood, water-beech, or lechillo (Spanish), is a small slow-growing short-lived tree in the understory of eastern mixed hardwood forests. Genus Carpinus are deciduous shrubs and trees with attractive foliage and hop-like fruit clusters in late summer and autumn Details C. caroliniana is a small, deciduous tree to around 10m tall with branches that droop at the tips and fluted, grey bark. American Hornbeam, usually called Ironwood in North Carolina, is a fairly common understory tree found mostly along streambanks. Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the family Betulaceae (birch) and the flowering plant genus Carpinus. Leaf spots, cankers and twig blight are occasional disease problems. Carpinus caroliniana ‘J.N. Commercial use of hornbeam wood is not practicable, however, due to the limited amount of wood that can be harvested per tree.Genus name comes from the classical Latin name.Specific epithet means of North or South Carolina. Average Dried Weight: 49 lbs/ft 3 (785 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.58, .79. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It has many common names, the most common include: blue beech because of its very smooth gray bark, and musclewood referring to its muscle-like branches which are irregularly fluted. The nutlet is 1/3 inch long and is attached to a leaf-like 3-lobed green scale that helps it to be carried by the wind. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Carpinus caroliniana, the American hornbeam, is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus. It is quite similar in scale and form to Cornus mas ‘Golden Glory’. Carpinus betulus commonly called European hornbeam is a medium-sized, deciduous tree that grows 40-60’ (less frequently to 80’) tall with a pyramidal to oval-rounded crown. A small to medium multi-stemmed tree forming wide spreading rounded tops. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. No serious insect or disease problems. It can be found naturally in areas with moist soil including streambanks, riverbanks, and maritime forests. The Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax) has two broods from April-October. Carpinus L. – hornbeam Species: Carpinus caroliniana Walter – American hornbeam Subordinate Taxa. Carpinus caroliniana, commonly called American hornbeam, is a slow-growing, deciduous, small to medium-sized understory tree with an attractive globular form. American hornbeam is a small tree of bottomland understories. Commercial use of hornbeam wood is not practicable, however, due to the limited amount of wood per tree. The small tree produces a small, ribbed nutlet that is carried by a 3-lobed leafy bract. It will grow with an attractive open habit in total shade, but be dense in full sun. Dull bluish green surface, paler underside, and sharp teeth. Easily grown in average, medium moisture soil in part shade to full shade. Not all of the wild edibles can produce the best-tasting and most plentiful foods, but many can make their small contribution. Carpinus is Latin for “hornbeam;” caroliniana means “of Carolina.” Common Name. Select A’ PPAF Description & Overview. A Johnson’s Nursery origination; J.N. Latin: Carpinus caroliniana. On young specimens, the inner bark is eaten by beavers and rabbits. Ovate, sharply-toothed, dark green leaves (to 5” long) are clean and attractive throughout the growing season with little susceptibility to … Paul Nelson. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 12 m (39 ft) high. Family: Betulaceae (birches) Description: American hornbeam is a tall shrub or small tree, to 35 feet tall, with pendulous branches and a … Tree Size: 35-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, 1.5-2 ft (.5-.6 m) trunk diameter. This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer but is especially sensitive to drought, heat, and soil compaction. Description. It is native to Missouri where it is typically found in rich moist woods, valleys, ravine bottoms and rocky slopes along streams throughout the eastern and Ozark regions of the State (Steyermark). Recommended Uses: Retain if in the landscape. It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida. Both of the two recognized varieties occur in NC, the northern var. The smooth, gray trunk and larger branches of a mature tree exhibit a distinctive muscle-like fluting that has given rise to another common name of musclewood for this tree. The muscle-like Use in naturalized areas or along streams or ponds. American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana. It is a larval host plant for the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail and Red-spotted Purple butterflies. American pioneers used it for bowls and dishes, as it is not subject to cracking. Native Flame® is a selection of American Hornbeam chosen for dark green summer foliage and a crackling red fall color display. N.C. Distribution: Eastern North America. Plant Selections introduction, Fire King™ Musclewood lives up to its name with its fast growth, superior hardiness, and excellent structure.Selected by Mike Yanny in 2003, this cultivar is upright in youth becoming rounded with age. AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV. A subtle beauty often overlooked. Like other Hornbeams, Carpinus caroliniana is popular for bonsai due to its small leaves, thick trunk, and dense branching. It is tolerant of drier sites, some sun and periodic flooding. The short, often crooked trunk covered with a smooth slate gray bark is characteristically ridged, resembling the muscles of a flexed arm. An attractively shaped, low-maintenance understory tree for shady sites. Plant in the spring. Serrated, elliptic-oval, dark green leaves often produce respectable shades of yellow, orange and red in fall. Other names include blue-beech, ironwood, musclewood and water beech. Scientific Name. British author Ray Mears must have been thinking of the Hornbeam when he said a forager mustn’t pass up food no matter how meager. It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. American Hornbeam, Musclewood, or Ironwood, is a deciduous tree that may grow 30 to feet tall. Common Name(s): American Hornbeam, Blue Beech. Tolerates dry, shady sites. It is native to Missouri where it is typically found in rich moist woods, valleys, ravine bottoms and rocky slopes along streams throughout the eastern and Ozark regions of the state (Steyermark). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Does well in sandy or clay loams with high organic matter, regular moisture and slightly acidic soils. Carpinus caroliniana 'JFS-KW6' Native Flame® American Hornbeam: Zone: 5: Height: 30' Spread: 20' Shape: Upright oval Foliage: Green Fall Color: Red: This versatile native species is ripe for cultivar development, and Native Flame® leads the pack into bright fall colors. american_hornbeam_carpinus_caroliniana.jpg. Prefers moist, organically rich soils. Other Common Name: Blue Beech. Commercial use of hornbeam wood is not practicable, however, due to the limited amount of wood per tree. hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana. Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is an attractive small tree that is common, but not abundant in its natural range. caroliniana.They are quite similar and many of the trees in the overlap range (such as in Durham County) are intergrades. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Scientific Name: Carpinus caroliniana. Bloom Description: White (female), Green (male). Prefers moist, organically rich soils. Growers will appreciate its vigorous yet mannerly growth habit and ease of care in the nursery. American Hornbeam1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION A handsome tree in many locations, the tree slowly reaches a height and spread of 20 to 30 feet (Fig. Flowers appear in spring in separate male and female catkins, with the female catkins giving way to distinctive clusters of winged nutlets. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. Does well in heavy shade and is found as an understory tree in forests. Difficult to transplant due to deep spreading lateral roots. American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is more often cultivated as a tree, also similar to beech in its leaf shape, fruit pattern and cultivation needs. It also grows in Canada (southwest Quebec and southeast Ontario). 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