Pata Kunitha of Karnataka is an extremely colorful dance form and provides great visual delight. They are entrusted with the twin tasks of guarding the village deities and worshipping them. Most folk dances owe their existence to religion and are performed during fairs, festivals and other religious occasions celebrated by a local communities. Goravara kunita is a dance worshipping Shiva which is popular in the Mysore and North Karnataka regions. The householders reward them with paddy, coconut, turmeric , rice etc.. The Kullu Natti is a popular dance form in the districts of Kullu which is usually performed during the time of fairs and festivals.You will see a long procession of the dancers where they will be accompanied by musicians who will play ethnic instruments adjoining them. They can impersonate mythological, divine, or social characters and can present events of even daily life. Click here to attend dance related quiz This dance is primarily performed by men from the shepherd or Kuruba caste. This is a very popular dance form of Karnataka, accompanied by the beats of the drums, and singing of the dancers. The disc on the left hand is held close to the palm while the one in the right hand hangs loose generally at an arm's length. Yakshgana is a folk theatre form of Karnataka and it is an ancient art. This is a drum shaped like a tambourine. Bhootha in India refers to ghost. Folk dancers of Karnataka perform Dollu Kunitha. Kathak and Kuchipudi dance forms are also quite prevalent in the region. The artist manipulate the poles with great dexterity and to the accompaniment of a largely rhythmic music. Complementary to the North Indian dance Dandora, Dappu Nrityam is a reputed dance form in the Telangana. Puja Kunitha is a popular ritualistic folk dance of Karnataka practiced largely around Bangalore and Mandya districts. Siddi community's Dammami dance is also another traditional dance form. It distinctly differs in many ways from the norms of the Sanskrit stage, as it does not contain a highly elaborate language of hand and eye-gestures, but it is closely related to developments in literature in the adjoining states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu and has some affinities to literary forms. The ritual dances of Karnataka are known as Kunitha. Bhootha Aradhane means devil worship. Another amazing Karnataka traditional dance is the Dammam dance form of the Siddi community. Contestants need to fill the application form through the official site of the channel to participate in the show. It is extremely colorful and visually delightful. Though some narration is used, it is not of much significance. A single narrator sometimes with the help of a clown or Vidushaka hold the narrative key to the performance. These dance forms have been originated from different parts of India as per the local tradition. The religious aspect of Kamsale is prominent. Somana Kunitha (sOmana kuNita) is a ritualistic dance performed by two or three artists with elaborate masks. Traditionally, sOmas are supposed to be unsatisfied devotees who after their death have become the guardians of the village deity. Gorava Kunitha of Karnataka is typically performed by groups of 10 to 11 men. The dance is performed on the rhythm provided by Dudi, an hourglass-shaped drum. However it is the visual delight of the dance that now characterizes this extremely popular folk dance form in Karnataka. BhoothaAradhane is a ritualistic dance in Karnataka. This sOma is called Kenchamma or IraNNa. Five to Seven dancers take rhythmic steps while one key performer, who usually inacts an elderly person, drives the story. Gorava Kunitha is practiced in both the northern and the southern parts of the state with slight variations. Photo Courtesy: Vaibhav Mehta Jaggahalige Kunita, Karadimajal, Krishna Parijatha and Lavani (from Maharashtra) are popular Folk Dance forms poular in North Karntaka. Another mask is yellow in colour and it is relatively mild in its expression. Ummatt-aat is performed by the Kodava women wearing the traditional Kodava dress with jewellery and the conventional kumkuma on their foreheads. Songs about the village deities are sung intermittently. The original form of Yakshgana involves the use of recitative modes of poetry, melodies of music, rhythm and dance techniques, colourful costumes and graceful make up. However, there is not much of a narration that is used and the emphasis is on the rhythm and the skill of the dancers. They are proficient in the art of miming. The 'Bhutha' cult has its own priest class and impersonators who act as communication of the divine spirit through possession act of oracle or prophecy. The dancers hold yak fur (chavari) in one hand and the Kodava short sword (odi kathi) in the other. Typically, it involves a procession in which idols are carried with great pomp. Mohiniattam dance in Kerala developed in the tradition of Devadasi system, which later grew and developed a classical status. Veeshagaararu are a group of wandering actors of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The folk origins of the ritual is clear and is carried on undisturbed as they were in the ancient times. During the performance, musical instruments like ''Mouri' (wind pipe) 'Taase' (percussion) and 'Shruti' (wind pipe) are used. The beating drums are decorated by using colours or by flowers. Bhootha Aradhane or Bhuta Kola is a ritualistic folk dance that originated from the coastal parts of Karnataka and Keralaas a way of Tulu worship. One such dance is the Dollu Kunitha, a popular dance form accompanied by singing and the beats of decorated drums. It narrates the glory of Lord Mahadeswara Shiva and the performers are vowed to a lifelong allegiance to the god. Karnataka's Pata Kunitha is preformed mainly by men. Hence, the fiery mood that prevails in the dance. Gowri Festival. The prominent folk dances of Karnataka are the Yakshagana and Dollu Kunitha. Odissi is a highly inspired, passionate, ecstatic and sensuous form of dance. Sometimes they are addressed as “Jyaatigaar” caste. KathakaliKathakali, in the local language, Malayalam, means “story and play”. The origin of this art form can be traced to the coastal parts of Karnataka and Kerala. As a part of ritual, a person of Nalke community dresses up in the form of Bhutha “Spirit” known as Kalanja with the costume made up of the tender coconut leaves, anklets, colourful cloth, a long cap made up of Areca spathe ,paint their face with various colours and designs and holds an umbrella decorated with leaves and flowers . The Dollu Kunitha is characterized by vigorous drum beats, quick movements and synchronized group formations. The form was also related to the Prabandha natak, which originated in a slightly later period. This is mainly performed by Men. This dance is a devotion to the Kaveri river that the Kodavas worship. The Joodu Haligi is performed with two percussion instruments. Bhutha kola is a highly stylised and very artistic version of the ritual dance of the spirit impersonator which attracts all the spectator. ' Lavani Dance The word Lavani derived from Lavanya, meaning beauty. Bhootha Aradhane and Yakshagana are famus in Dakshina Kannada. Dance is an ancient and celebrated cultural tradition in India. Indian dance is one of the most revered identities of our culture. The art form is 500 years old, and the entire portrayal takes place in refined Kannada, without even a word of any other language. They go from door to door in the village or town where they have pitched their camp and offer to perform their show. They are orally handed down by tradition with great respect for the purity of the form. Karnataka is a treasure house to various dance forms, the word Kunithais used for all folk dances or ritual dances. sOmana kuNita is region specific and is performed in the districts of South Karnataka such as Mandya, Mysore, Hassan, Tumakur and Bangalore. It is performed with deer horns that signify the horns of the krishna mruga (a spotted deer in Kodava legend) with rhythmic tunes played on wind instruments and percussion. This person usually has white hair and white mustache. The list of all such forms are listed here. The musical instruments which you may observe doing these dance forms are the Dhol, Nagara, Shehnai and Kranal. Another dance form of Karnataka, which is equally famous, is the Puja Kunitha. Veeragasse is one of the dances demonstrated in the Dasara procession held in Mysore. It is a vigorous dance based on Hindu mythology and involves very intense energy-sapping dance movements. They disguise themselves as different characters or roles and present their performances in cities and villages. They wear traditional dresses in gold and red. Where the word “Dollu” refers to a drum and “Kunitha” stands for dance in the Kannada language. Various types of Musical instruments like Drums and Flute are used. Aati Kalanja' is a ritualistic folk dance performed by the 'Nalke' Community. a) Uttar Pradesh b) Madhya Pradesh c) Himachal … Bhutha or the divine spirit have their own Myths or epics sung during the performance. Kamsale (Beesu Kamsale) is a vigorous dance form of the Kannad speaking inhabitants of the state that employs a great blend of aesthetic sublimity and martial dexterity. Till that time the written plays were created but mainly as scripts for presentations. Odissi is one of the famous classical Indian dances from Orissa state. Kamsale is mainly practiced in the districts of Mysore, Nanjagud, Kollegal and Bangalore. 'Bhutha' worship has different types of folk music, to the tune of musician an impersonator dance and his foot step moves with heavy anklet called 'Gaggara' and in his hand 'Chaury' (Yak tail fan). Some times there is yet another sOma with a blue mask and he is called ‘karirAya’. This belief is acted out by the performers. Like other Kunithas or dance-drames with a ritualistic overtone, the original significance of Pata Kunitha is primarily religious. Gaarudi Gombe is a folk dance in which dancers dress in suits made of bamboo sticks. Flower garlands are also worn. The celebration of Nagamandala at Karnataka employs music, dance, ritual chanting in Sanskrit and Kannad and possession of the head-priest. See more ideas about karnataka, dance of india, kasuti embroidery. This is a way of Tulu worship. Kamsale in Karnataka is closely associated with the rituals of Shiva worship. Rural Tourism in Karnataka Each of the bamboo poles are about 10 to 15 feet high. Some of them have the skill of producing even a full-length play like a professional performing troupe.The hagalu veeshgaararu or "day-actors" don't need any regular stage. The dancers have to perform the duty of expiating the devotees from ghosts and such evil spirits. Click to View Answer. The masks are almost four times as big as a human head. The artist can see the external world through the holes made in the nostrils of the mask. Yakshagana Dance Form of Karnataka art form is predominantly performed in Dakshina Kannada. Karnataka is a treasure house of ritualistic dances. Pata Kunitha in Karnataka is a popular folk-dance form extremely popular among the inhabitants of the Mysore region. Karnataka is home to various types of dance forms. Gamaka is a unique music form based on Karnataka Sangeetha while other dance forms like Boodkali (Coorg), Dasaratha (North Karnataka) seem to have lost their value over the years. Both prose and verse forms are used to elucidate the age-old themes. 7. Then the artist and his assistant , a drummer ,go around the village and dance in front of each house. In India, dance forms can be broadly classified into 2 categories- classical and folk dance form. Going back to ancient times, this art form […] Veerabhadra to go to the place of the yaga and destroy the ceremony. It is believed that honoring the Kalenja in this manner will rid the village of all evil spirits. Krishna Parijatha is popular in Northern Karnataka. Almost 30 percent of the state has been taken over by the Kannadigas. These artists accept invitations to perform at village festivals and annual fairs of the deities. Kodava Folk Dances. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}). The Veeshagaararu mainly entertain their audience, though incidentally by depicting mythological and epic stories in the form of dialogue and songs they disseminate normal ideas and wisdom. A curious scary feel is consciously imported in the demeanor of the idols. This dance is a visual treat during all religious festivals, religious processions and fairs related to the celebrations for Goddess Shakti. Pata Kunitha typically employs the use of the pata, which are primarily long bamboo poles decorated with color ribbons. Usually Kamsale is performed by a group of three to five dancers, although the number can go up to twelve with singers included. Diverse culture of India has the treasure of a variety of folk and tribal dances in regions across the country. This form of dance is rarely seen. The ritual dances of Karnataka are known as Kunitha.One such dance is the Dollu Kunitha, a popular dance form accompanied by singing and the beats of decorated drums.This dance is primarily performed by men from the shepherd or Kuruba caste. However, Yakshgana as a theatrical form regained popularity only in the 18th century. Answer d) Andhra Pradesh. Karma is the dance form of which state? An impersonator wears either metal mask or areca-leaf mask on his head. The dancers hold brass cymbals in their hands. It is performed by the men of Kodava. A silver or brass umbrella usually crown the poles. sOma is the name given to the masks worn by the performers. This dance form derives its name from an instrument Damam, made from leather. The Dollu Kunitha is characterized by vigorous drumbeats, quick dancing movements and synchronized group formations. The performer dances to the tune of musical instruments and sometimes wears a mask. The use of make-up is common, as is the elaborate use of music and dance. Karnataka's Bhootha Aradhane is widely popular because of its unique spectacle and strange aura. Yakshagana is a folk theatre form of Karnataka wheras Kunitha are considered as the ritualistic dances of Karnataka. From village squares to open markets, Krishna Parijatha in Karnataka continues to be a popular folk religious theatrical form. The dance also involves a ritualistic piercing of a needle across the mouth. Karnataka has a variety of traditional arts, including folk dance and puppetry.. Mysore region Kunitha: a ritual dance. The skill of the dancers in maneuvering the long bamboo poles attract the greatest attention. The dances like 'Nandi Dhwaja', 'Lingada-Berana', Gorava dance, Veeragase, Beesu Kamsale and Puravanthike are dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva. Forms such as Yakshagana, Veeragase / Veerabhadrana Kunitha, Hulivesha, Kamsale, Dollu Kunitha and many other. The dance is characterised by high energy and exaggerated expressions by two or three performers. Particularly, this dance portrays the chivalrous Veerabhadra who according to the Hindu mythology evolved from the drop of sweat of Lord Shiva who was dancing with full vigor combined with anger. The dance incorporates elements that this community is most familiar with - sea and fishing. Dance Karnataka Dance 2020 Season 4 The show provides the best chance to make a carrier in the dancing field. The brass discs are scooped out from the middle and is hollow at the center. Each performance usually employs the participation of 10 to 15 men. This cane structure is called ‘banka’. Given below detail will be helpful for your upcoming competitive exams. Kunitha, the traditional dance form of Karnataka is performed on the beats of decorated drums and singing. Pata Kunitha in Karnataka is a popular folk-dance form extremely popular among the inhabitants of the Mysore region. For performing this dance, all the dancers carry a wooden type of structure having a deity on their heads. The history of Odissi dance is almost two thousand years old. They are usually made of a light variety of wood such as ‘bUtALe’. Bhuthas ' are believed to be capable of shaping the welfare of a person who has made vows of dedication to religious service. It is an important tradition and also a prevalent art form. A lead singer in the troupe narrates the “ Daksha yajna” epic with a huge decorative pole called Nandikolu which has an orange flag at the top is held by one of the dancers and the traditional percussion instruments called sambal and dimmu lend music to the dance. These dances are performed to mark celebrations. Yakshagana is a traditional Indian theatre form, developed in Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Shimoga and western parts of Chikmagalur districts, in the state of Karnataka and in Kasaragod district in Kerala that combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage techniques with a unique style and form. The dance troupe usually consists of two, four or six members. Cymbals and Shehanoy(wind pipe) are also used. However, the color schemes worn by the singers are slightly different from the dancers. The Dollu instrument used today is made from the skin of either, sheep or goats, tightly fitted from all sides to a frame that is made up of honne or mango tree wood. . Bhagawanthike, Pata Kunitha and Bana Devara Kunitha are dances performed to worship Lord Vishnu. It is a vigorous dance based on Hindu mythology and involves very intense energy-sapping dance movements. Other Mainstream Classical dances of Kar… This is a festival celebrated one day before Ganesh Chaturthi as a day to pay tribute … Yakshagana, the classical form of dance drama in Karnataka echoes the rich history and culture of the state. They are a pair of cymbal-like discs made of bronze. They are extremely enthralling folk-performances usually held at night time. The serpent of Karnataka's Nagamandala celebration is usually considered to be the symbol of fertility and an embodiment of life-force. All throughout the procession, drums are beaten and firecrackers are burnt as the big crowd carry the idols towards a raised platform placed at a distance where the final rites of the procession take place. This dance is performed during festivals and mainly in the Hindhu month of Shravana and Karthika. 9. In fact, it symbolizes the love for the Almighty and holds a special place in the folk dances of Karnataka. It relates with many of the traditions and conventions of the Sanskrit theatre or drama, particularly those of the Purvaranga and the existence of a character, vidushak. They don't need a green-room. Another dance form of Karnataka, which is equally famous, is the Puja Kunitha. The ritualistic dance forms of the state are locally known as ‘Kunitha’.The Mysore incorporation of the Bharatnatyam dance is the oldest and the most popular dance form in the state. Yakshgana emerged as a full-fledged theatre form in south Kannada at a time of great political unrest and social disturbances. Usually only those belonging to okkaliga, lingAyata, besta and kuruba perform these dances. This dance is unique as highly decorated bamboo poles are used in the performance, the dances sway the poles along with the music. The instruments are played by those belonging to dalit communities. There are many stories related to the birth of the original sOmas. 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