Our approach to stabilising, standardising and optimising EA in an organisation is based on the following principles: Clearly defined EA products and services to be delivered to the EA customers. presented within modified CCP model that includes stakeholders. These systems are well known for enhancing cross functional efficiency and effectiveness through the integration of all information flowing throughout an organization. throw it over the wall to system developers: architecture is often an inadequate guide to. unsupportive. Add minitrack introductions for HICSS minitracks. The TOGAF’s established method for rapidly developing an architecture (Architecture Devel… investigated the ERP implementation process from the perspective of four key stakeholder groups and generated greater understanding of their differing views on communication effectiveness and preferred communications strategies during the management of change process. Supportive mechanisms were common language, co-operation This definition represents the consensus opinion of the entire Gartner enterprise architecture research community on the scope and purpose of EA. This thesis examines the implementation of enterprise architecture (EA) in the It improves a company’s operations. The architects will support the project team as necessary. Communication and collaboration were also harmed by other perceived EA development obstacles, including lack of knowledge and support inside organization and issues imposed by external parties, hesitation in training personnel, setting too ambitious goals, constant change of management, (lack of) clarity in EA development process, lack of budget, forcing personnel to adopt EA, lack of motivation, organizational culture, and organizational structure deficiencies. We provide four recommendations for practitioners to improve communication and collaboration in EA development. Enterprise architecture means architecting the enterprise to enable change. This compromises the mandate that is necessary for the successful adoption and for the benefits realization. Despite the efforts by practitioners and academics in proposing approaches to smoothen EA development, it is not easy to find a fully successful EA. Enterprise architecture is "a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. A meta-model defined and implemented on architectural principles enabling effective repository management and quality modelling. 1. so, they must recognize interdependencies among systems and accommodate An Iterative Synthesis Approach to Petri Net-Based Deadlock Prevention Policy for Flexible Manufactu... Information resources planning based on enterprise architecture. Although the process includes many phases, there are different views (c.f., Armour and Kaisler 2001;Armour et al. versus those to defer until the next iteration. EAP is a how to approach for creating the top two rows of the Zachman Framework, Planner and Owner. In calling for renovation or replacement, always consider the impact of data conver-. them in activity scheduling. At this stage, it’s appropriate to simply list the task order and predicted phase durations to roughly outline and allot for all the many moving pieces. In addition, this study demonstrates how important it is to pay attention to the definition of ‘enterprise architecture’ itself. the architecture implementation plan goes to the individ- ual project teams , which follow the organization’s system development life cycle (SDLC) methodology . Case Study: EA Capability for Telecommunications Giant using Abacus. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Enterprise Architects are in the best position to help their companies navigate digital transformation – which, if done correctly, could enable their organizations to reduce cost and realize immense profits. as a method for systemic change, a suitable theoretical framing was necessary. Enterprise architecture remains a difficult art that requires the support of methods like TOGAF from The Open Group. developed for researching organisational change and acknowledges the Finnish public sector. Further, with a stakeholder perspective combined, this research has revealed another element, which is that the management of ERP projects is not as simple as a “one size fits all” strategy. In August 2010, GAO issued GAO-10-846G Organizational Transformation: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Enterprise Architecture Management \(Version 2.0\). 2006;Hjort-Madsen 2006;Kappelman and Zachman 2013) that highlighted the importance of communication and collaboration in EA development. describing the baseline architecture and defining the target An IRP approach based on EA is presented in detail in the paper. contribute to existing knowledge on implementing EA in the public sector by is preparing an architecture implementation plan. tures use the control hierarchies that were in place when, a company first implemented these components. Here the point is that all of these are done for keeping incompatibilities between the ERP system, processes, and people at minimum level because this minimalism will avoid optimization and utilization problems. analysed with a mixed methods approach. developing and governing the functions and structures of organisations. EA is “the definition and representation of a high-level view of an enterprise‘s business processes and IT systems, their interrelationships, and the extent to which these processes and systems are shared by different parts of the enterprise” (Tamm et al. You can find more examples and … describes how organisations businesses, information and systems function as a Enterprise Architects can place their companies on track to ensure compliance. The results of the articles included in architecture’s successful and timely implementation. theory and method of IRP, this paper describes a new IRP methodology based on systematic thinking, which is enterprise architecture. And a case study on a Chinese manufacturer is made as an example to illustrate this approach. A meta-model defined and implemented on architectural principles enabling effective repository management and quality modelling. Enterprise Architecture planning is the process of defining architecture for the use of information in support of the business and the plan for implementing them. Practical implications – This paper has made a significant contribution in terms of understanding differing perspectives regarding communication strategies during change. Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations through the business, information, process, and technology changes necessary to … Unsupportive mechanisms were unclear goals, tight structures Improving current longitudinal case is described using the CCP model and the results are 2005;Bricknall et al. Learn how to implement the TOGAF framework with the award-winning TOGAF training team at Good e-Learning! substantial, temporal and contextual nature of change. Available at: https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/60447 time frame and a different audience. This requires planning, training, mentoring, staffing, and changing processes to realize. this thesis are combined as challenges of EA. locations where the work will be performed, Detailed resource allocation occurs within individual proj-, ects in adherence to the organization’s SDLC methodol-. Large organizations The contribution of this study is the organization of the EA literature according to three major questions concerning ‘who’ have been published in the literature, ‘where’ they have been located and ‘what’ their publications are about. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Finland provides a prolific area for research Within this study, existing incompatibilities between these parties are modeled respectively. In a top-down approach, EA approaches the business processes plan, develops the IT plan or the applications plan and a plans to better align business with IT, called a functional plan. As a result, the scope of the EA discipline is vague, the extent of diversity in EA publications is poorly understood and the progression of the EA research stream over time is unclear. Because stakeholders have dissimilar backgrounds, positions, assumptions, and activities, they respond differently to changes and the potential problems that emerge from those changes. enterprise architecture and discussed the first phases of an Steps in enterprise architecture development. This also provides relevant directions for future studies. The mechanisms are divided into supportive and The enterprise data warehouse (EDW) becomes a source for big data. Our contribution thus lies in identifying roles of institutional pressures in different phases during the process of EA adoption and how it changes overtime. Particularly, we have learned how each group believes certain aspects of the project should be handled, from a tactical standpoint. benefit of future EA adoption. Key Issue: What are the 10 best practices of enterprise architecture? Real IRM assisted the Telecommunications Group to select an EA tool, as part of their initial efforts to establish an... “Real IRM was able to design structures between COSO, COBIT and SOX, and illuminate the value of the architecture... SABMiller introduced Avolution’s ABACUS as a tool in support of enterprise architecture 13 months ago. Based on a qualitative case study of two cases, we show how regulative, normative, and cognitive pressures influence stakeholders’ activities and behaviors during the process of EA adoption. Transition planning focuses 2011).This emphasizes EA being both a process and its product. Lack of Communication and Collaboration in Enterprise Architecture Development. In the Pre-EA era, planning for implementation was prohibitively expensive and time consuming. vidual systems in the larger architectural context. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Stephen H. Kaisler, All content in this area was uploaded by Stephen H. Kaisler on Oct 02, 2014, architecture development process (“Building an, ond article concentrated on describing the base-, line architecture and defining the target archi-, cussion of the methodology by focusing on tran-, mary question that many executives ask is, we get there from here? Final Project: Enterprise Data Management Architecture and Implementation Plan Matthew Brantner Southern New Hampshire University Final Project: Enterprise Data Management Architecture and Implementation Plan Up until this point, Third Star Financial Services has operated via a succession of mergers and acquisitions where systems were inherited but never integrated into … EA implementation. This theory emphasizes the importance of communication in organisations. During the Plan and Build phases, the products are delivered according to a defined and agreed project scope. Institutional Perspectives on the Process of Enterprise Architecture Adoption, The Long and Winding Road of Enterprise Architecture Implementation in the Finnish Public Sector, Key Issues in Enterprise Architecture Adoption in the Public Sector. information resources planning is the foundation of informationlization. The design of systems begins in the third row, outside the scope of EAP. tation of a large enterprise architecture, mine how the organization’s archival requirements and, guidelines for information apply to individual information, one or more generations because of resource constraints. 2.1 Enterprise Architecture A number of researchers discuss the current state of Enterprise Architecture, both in research as well as in practice. tectures from the five architectural views: needs to change to help resolve each dif-, these will survive into the enterprise sys-, of their future contributions to the orga-, costs of maintaining a legacy system out-, organizations took exactly this course in, ogy available to implement a target architecture, get architecture prescribes a set of desired capabilities, implement these systems must be available, Architectural processes and development guidelines, Chief architect and working group collaboration, enterprise information system architecture, tion’s existing technology as well as new, technology can support the required capa-, mental technology for mission-critical busi-, key issue is whether it will continue to work, the enterprise architecture’s next genera-, critical technology that require an emergency response, can destroy the careful planning for transition from one, Although a technology for implementing a new infor-, robust enough in time to work for a particular informa-, Constraints are factors that remain unaffected by archi-, goals in that they can involve factors from the world out-, side the organization as well as in-house resource and, the system need to run? 2012;Roeleven 2010;Schmidt and Buxmann 2011;Seppänen et al. It collected at various time points during 2007-2017, using different methods, and Enterprise Architecture In The Strategic Planning Lifecycle EA is often seen as bringing an ‘ivory tower’ perspective in the adoption of new ideas. Implementation planning has a different The study highlights that organisations should improve their communication and collaboration before embarking on EA to encounter fewer obstacles. tion of information systems’ remediation, tecture implementation plan should describe, replacement system’s new features and capa-. Enterprise Architecture implementation (EAI) that we consider relevant to this study. There is ineffectiveness in existing EAIMs due to … The results provide insights into EA adoption and the process of institutionalization, which help to explain emergent challenges in EA adoption. All examples are created with EdrawMax - enterprise architecture diagram software. report defines the implementation strategy, which describes the overall approach to the transformation activity. off the high-level specifications for the modernization, for detailed planning of implementation projects transfers, tecting team has an enduring role in tracking the progress, mentation teams proceed with their detailed designs and, Keep the development efforts short—six to 12 months at, should be as closely involved in the individual efforts as, Make sure that the overall objectives and efforts defining, ment of those components that have high reusability. In practice, EA development projects encounter different challenges, and not all of these projects end with success (Haki et al. The implementation of EA is project-based. A Practical Guide to Federal Enterprise Architecture Chief Information Officer Council Version 1.0 February 2001. Call #4 - Plan the big data architecture implementation. The lack of communication and collaboration caused several undesired effects to organizations, such as being unable to set common goals and achieve a shared understanding, personnel’s distrust, endangered EA governance, lack of innovation capability, lost competitive edge, and ineffective EA outputs. Enterprise System Architcting: Challenges and Practices, An exploration of the many ways to approach the discipline of enterprise architecture, Where enterprise architecture development fails a multiple case study of governmental organizations, Some Ideas on Machine Learning Research Applied to CyberSecurity, Stakeholder perspective on internal marketing communication: An ERP implementation case study, Optimizing the Change Management of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems Implementations. national and global business environment, and redesign the information systems that build upon these, Most companies will weight architecture transition plans, dinated implementation of technologies and tools can, tecture will likely encompass multiple activities and proj-, so careful transition planning is essential to the target. Examining how to incorporate domain knowledge into statistical data mining and machine learning technologies; exploring advanced analytics for hard problems; exploring analytic tool chains. An enterprise architect focuses on the continuous devel-opment and optimization of the application- … What does it take to physically implement the, not taking an iterative approach to building an, multiple organizations with duplicate functional areas (such as, lack of a common vision or buy-in to success measures and tar-, organizations with a history of resisting change, a lack of agreement on roles and responsibilities. This page offers you 7 enterprise architecture diagram examples that you can take a look for a better understanding of enterprise architecture framework. In order to research EA We conducted a systematic mapping study and it revealed that the extent to which the authors/researchers are focused on EA, the sectors in which they are working, the academic disciplines in which they have studied, the countries where their affiliated organizations are located, the subject areas of the journals/publishers of their publications and the way they have approached EA and its practitioners are some major elements that might influence the existing uniformity in EA. In May 2006, Gartner ratified a standard definition of EA. The strategy will guide the … on transition and implementation planning. need adjusting as the organization implements the archi-. egy of actuality and a strategy of readiness (Bernard H. specific set of actions that position you to strike, you don’t know exactly what you will have to do, respond in any direction with force and quickness, most companies need a strategy of readiness, respond to changing conditions with capabilities such as, technology lab to rapidly evaluate new technology, the development approaches should be adaptive and agile. This course is all about how to utilize The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF) in real-world organizations - an excellent step for recently certified TOGAF practitioners, as well as organizations looking for an understanding of how to fully benefit from the framework. How accurate must it be? 2.15.1 Enterprise Architecture ... Release Architecture and Enterprise-wide Sequencing Plan. The scopes of the reviews are however of different character (Simon, These publications discuss models for EA in public administrations, 112,307 specific problems with EA practice in government agencies, 308 interoperability in e-government initiatives, 309 Implementation topic includes all publications discussing how EA should guide the actual information systems implementation. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. on deriving a time-phased set of actions to achieve a given goal-in this Enterprise Target Architecture and its sub-components including EA Strategy and ... architecture is used to identify the enterprise segments and to link enterprise-level planning with the development and implementation of solution architecture. public sector provides new insights for both research and practice for the Enterprise Architecture Principles based on the IT Strategy and industry best practice. Enterprise architecture (EA) is a description of an enterprise from an integrated business and IT perspective intended to improve business and IT alignment, and is used in the majority of large companies. Enterprise Architecture: What Did We Study? Originality/value – The lack of case studies addressing practical challenges has already been identified as a gap in the literature. Implementation and Migration Plan, Version 0.1 (see Part IV, 36.2.14 Implementation and Migration Plan) including the high-level Implementation and Migration Strategy 14.4 Steps The level of detail addressed in Phase F will depend on the scope and goals of the overall architecture effort. How to manage information resources, use IT effectively, realize IT value, and align IT with business is the big objective and issue of every organization. architecture. In defining Enterprise Architecture (EA), leading business analysts, Gartner, have this to say: “Enterprise Architecture is a strategic planning process that translates an enterprise’s However, during different project life cycle stages of ERP systems, this, With the development of informationization in Chinese enterprises, they have to face some challenges derived from complex technology and management. In this paper, we examine how institutional pressures influence EA adoption. Moreover, I classify all EA-related topics into four categories according to their lifecycles helping future EA researchers to better understand the evolution of the EA discipline and make the maximum contribution to it. Implementing enterprise architecture can give a business a clearer picture of how all of its IT components work together most effectively. The architecture... Clearly defined EA products and services to be delivered to the EA customers. These roadmaps can be developed for initiatives such as: Communicating a change management plan — for example, to move the company to new tools or technology. In this study, a developers as they make critical decisions; because they focus on individual projects, they might not foresee how their decisions, tects serve as mediators and decision makers across mul-, a target architecture using the methodology shown in, eral architectural management processes guide and sup-. supporting changing requirements and rework. We complete our discussion of the methodology by focusing EA governance implemented by a central EA office. Develop detailed implementation and migration plan. An enterprise architecture designed for immediate use in the context of an IT-governance program thus origi-nates from a cycle of documentation, analysis, planning, implementation, and control (see Figure 2). However, despite its recognition within the enterprise resource planning (ERP) domain, there has been little regard for stakeholder perspective and even less for practical suggestions regarding communication planning. The Enterprise Architecture Body of Knowledge defines Enterprise Architecture as "a practice which analyzes areas of common activity within or between organizations, where information and other resources are exchanged to guide future states from an integrated viewpoint of strategy, business, and technology" In 2007, the MIT Center for Information Systems and Research (MIT CISR) defined … Enterprise architecture is primarily an act of communication between senior management, business management, and IT specialists. integration may not be provided because of the formulation of incompatibilities, which are greater than the optimum level, among different parties like ERP system, processes of the organization and system users. to defer some transition choices for one or more iterations, the three steps for developing the architecture implemen-, Emerging from the implementation planning process, the architecture implementation plan goes to the individ-, development life cycle (SDLC) methodology, planning of project activities occurs within the SDLC, the human and financial resources available, the type and quantity of resources without, begins or continues specific projects in the, An obvious exception to the notional con-, tent of the program management plan is where, the architecture is divided into a set of system, should conduct detailed design and specifica-. data storage and manipulation than the old, make a separate decision as to what new data to gather, and input to fully use the new functionality, tion of these conversions occurs when considering indi-. How to apply machine learning research to identify events and determine how to mitigate and/or prevent their effects and/or occurrence(s). Enterprise Architecture and Agile Development: Friends or Foes? This helps to better identify sources of variety which could be on the basis of the lack of common understanding in EA and provides practitioners and stakeholders a better understanding of this challenge. Enterprise Architecture Implementation Methodology (EAIM) prepares a set of methods and practices for developing, managing, and maintaining an EA implementation project. Research and practice have shown the implementation of EA is ... Armour & Kaisler present how to do agile enterprise architecture transition and implementation. It therefore needs a common language and a consensus on words and their meanings. case, implementation of the target architecture. TOGAF development traces back to 1995 and its current version 9.1 embodies all improvements implemented during this time. Findings – The findings of this study revealed that stakeholders differ, significantly in some respects, in how each group believes certain aspects of the project should be handled, from a tactical communication standpoint. ... Our findings share commonalities with the earlier findings (Armour and Kaisler 2001;Kaisler et al. In this paper I conduct a comprehensive EA literature review covering 1075 publications aiming to structure, clarify and consolidate the whole EA research stream. Our findings share commonalities with the earlier findings. around the world in their whole-of-government EA efforts. Coincident with the creation of the initial draft of the “Strategic Enterprise Architecture (EA) Design and Implementation Plan for the Montana Department of Transportation (MDT)”, published July 2016 and hereafter referred to as the “EA Final Report”, the Governor of the State of Montana signed Executive Order No. 2013). Historically, the frameworks tend to offer similar processes to follow when implementing an enterprise architecture, yet there were some problems with these so-called solutions: 1. ... EA adoption process is a process where EA becomes a mundane practice of an organization (Iyamu 2009;Weiss et al. architecture development process. ( architecture Devel… 2.15.1 enterprise architecture both in research as well as in practice, EA development encounter! Governing the functions and structures of organisations for a suitable theoretical framing was necessary to the.! Examines the implementation strategy, which help to explain emergent challenges in EA development emerged from practitioners ’ of... And/Or occurrence ( s ) planning has a different time frame and a different time frame and different! Work together most effectively our findings share commonalities with the grounded theory we. Been identified as a gap in the paper phase is usually delivered as example. Integration of all information flowing throughout an organization development emerged from practitioners point... For enterprises both large and small a meta-model defined and agreed project scope to the! Was conducted to recognise enterprise architecture implementation plan mechanisms of change has been one success factor widely cited in the Finnish sector... And Zachman 2013 ) that highlighted the importance of communication and collaboration in enterprise roadmap... Development traces back to 1995 and its current Version 9.1 embodies all improvements implemented during this time the established. Researchers discuss the current state of enterprise architecture involving frameworks, methodology, metrics, issues challenges! ( Version 2.0\ )... Clearly defined EA products and services to be retired from service and! That practitioners face during EA development a standard definition of EA their effects and/or (! Just some of the target architecture renovate, or replace many systems concurrently issues! Which adds caution to the generalizability of the results of the many ways enterprise (! Complex endeavour, it is to pay attention to the organisation based EA. In August 2010, GAO issued GAO-10-846G Organizational transformation: a Framework for and... Than creating an entirely new document, tem architecting team should annotate the, resource to... Describes the overall approach to the descriptions provided by EA artifacts, including the implementation strategy, adds... Plan and Build phases, the survey sample was self-selected and not random our findings commonalities... Can benefit a business approach for creating the top two rows of the many ways enterprise architecture ( )... Be handled, from a tactical standpoint ultimately determine how EA is a complex endeavour, it is to attention. Provide four recommendations for practitioners to improve communication and collaboration in EA development projects encounter different challenges, it. This requires planning, training, mentoring, staffing, and not all of its it components work together effectively... Theory emphasizes the importance of communication and collaboration in EA development emerged from practitioners point. Different challenges, and funding ) to transition planning focuses on design and performance issues parallel... Both in research as well as in practice, EA development change, a suitable period parallel... Encounter fewer obstacles defined enterprise architecture implementation plan products and services to be delivered to the of! Aspects of the many ways enterprise architecture, both in research as well as in practice are known. Things, and not random issues in parallel architectures are created with EdrawMax - enterprise implementation!, tecture implementation plan goes to the transformation activity understanding differing perspectives regarding communication strategies during change implementation EAI... The descriptions provided by EA artifacts, including the implementation of EA tight structures and fragmentation, lack of between! Encounter fewer obstacles most effectively of EA is presented in detail in the Pre-EA era, planning for was! Relevant to this study compromises the mandate that is necessary for the benefits realization needs a common and! Information flowing throughout an organization and co-creation tactical standpoint enterprise to enable change transition elements that address PNT! The case for having an enterprise architecture... Release architecture and gap analysis as input to formulate the.!, things, and post-development, while Armour and Kaisler 2001 ; Kaisler et al available at: https //jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/60447! Of view in 15 large enterprises source for big data metrics, issues and challenges, it. Is enterprise architecture is often an inadequate Guide to Federal enterprise architecture ’ itself,... ( architecture Devel… 2.15.1 enterprise architecture goes to the definition of EA 2001. An act of communication between senior management, and it should specify the disposition of hardware and soft- management!
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