The native species can be recognized in that male and female flowers appear on a single plant (monoecious), and the plant has only sparse stinging hairs, especially on the stem. U. dioica Two similar subspecies of stinging nettles are commonly found growing in North America. dioica. Habitat To reuse an The gorgeous, if controversial, member of its enormous superfamily evolved as originally endemic to portions of Taiwan, Thailand, China, Malaysia, Borneo, and Java, in Asia. (Ait.) Show post Common nettles thrive on disturbed ground, the natural habitat was probably open woodland on moist or peaty soils and the present day abundance of the species is largely due to human habitat modification, they grow vigorously on phosphate-rich soils and so thrive on farm land and pasture, they quickly invade allotments and gardens and are often associated with rabbit warrens or ground disturbed by moles … We depend on Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. The nettle is well known for its toothed, hairy leaves and for its sting. Caterpillars feed on Stinging Nettle. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) has been a staple in herbal medicine since ancient times, such as to treat arthritis and back pain. This amazing herb often grows among lava flows also. Urtica gracilis Ait. NH, RI, All Characteristics, the carpel is solitary or (if 2 or more) the carpels are not fused to one another, the filament is smooth, with no hairs or scales, the flower bends downwards or hangs downwards, the flower points upwards or is angled outwards, the perianth is rotate (platter-shaped, the corolla flattened, circular, with nearly horizontally spreading lobes), the flower includes only one cycle of petals or sepals, the flower includes two cycles of petal- or sepal-like structures, all the flowers on each plant have only carpels or only stamens, with only one type being present on each plant (dioecious), each flower has only carpels or only stamens, but both types of flower are present on each plant (monoecious), the sepals are pressed against the corolla, or jutting stiffly upward, the sepals are slightly curved outwards from the corolla, the sepal outline is lanceolate (lance-shaped; narrow, gradually tapering from the base to the tip), the sepal outline is linear (extremely narrow, thread-like), the sepal outline is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the sepal outline is spatulate (roughly spoon-shaped; narrow near the base, suddenly widening to a rounded tip), one or more of the sepals is much narrower or shorter than the others, the stamens within each cycle are the same, the fruits point upward or spread or curve outward, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, has rounded lobes at the base), the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade margin has forward-pointing teeth, the leaf blade margin has teeth, which themselves have smaller teeth, the tip of the leaf blade is acuminate (tapers to a long, thin point), the tip of the leaf blade is acute (sharply pointed), the stipules are lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the stipules are linear (very narrow with more or less parallel sides), the hairs are pressed flat against the plant, pointing towards the plant's tip, the hairs point mostly upwards to outwards, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the stems trail at the base, but may turn upwards at the tips. VT by Seymour (1982) was based on a specimens of ; The rather visually stunning Stinging Nettle Caterpillar now inhabits most parts of the world. These same aphids are eaten by blue tits and other woodland birds that dart around the stems. In fact, just as the presence of moss plants is an indicator of compacted soil, so the presence of stinging nettles signifies a fertile, loamy soil. Distribution Trend Since 1970s: N/A image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. This is the most common nettle found in Europe and is most likely the species of stinging nettle that comes to mind first. 1a. U. dioica is single- stemmed, rhizomatous, and grows to height of between 3-7 feet (.91-2.13 meters) at maturity. It presents the user with a basic assessment of habitat type and potential importance for nature conservation. It may not be known by many, but stinging nettles support over 40 species of insect including small tortoiseshell and peacock butterflies. VT and is native. gracilis, is a North American native. Because they prefer nitrogen-rich, well-aerated soils, however, their favorite habitat is garden borders. Open deciduous woodlands, riverbanks and on farmland where stinging nettle is abundant. latifolia Farw. Skin contact with the hairs of this plant usually … U. dioica (Wetland indicator code: evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Many nettle patches hold overwintering insects which swarm around fresh spring nettles and provide early food for ladybirds. Stinging nettle is a large, rhizomatous perennial wild edible plant that can grow quite tall. Nettle. Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. It is then allocated a specific name, an alpha-numeric code, and uniq… Stinging nettles are perennials and grow to typically 1m in height but can reach 2m in suitable damp, shaded locations. The other, U. dioic… var. NH and is non-native. Seland. Research shows the weed may provide important habitat for beneficial insects, according to a Washington State University entomologist. Subspecies ex Willd. 1.  Stinging nettles are so high in nutrition that they have developed stinging cells to deter herbivores from eating them. FAC). The stinging nettle contains a number of chemicals, such as serotonin, histamine and acetylcholine, some of which can be very irritating. So effective are they that few grazers , with the exception of goats and hungry sheep, will touch nettles when the stings are active. Encountering annual nettle is a noticeable event as it stings more powerfully than stinging nettle. Distribution. Your help is appreciated. NH, Common nettle, also known as stinging nettle, is herbaceous plant that belongs to the family Urticaceae. Stinging nettles have developed stinging cells as an adaptation to deter herbivores from eating them. gracilis (Ait.) Also covers those considered historical (not seen Where Nettles Grow: The plants take advantage of disturbed soils, including areas along roadsides. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Identification. These chemicals cause the stinging irritation on skin and are found at the base of the fine hairs on the nettle rather than the jaggy leaves. It is also shorter than stinging nettle, a brighter green and shiny, and its leaf is blunt-tipped with the stalk about 2/3 the length of blade. U. gracilis Ait. U. dioica L. var. Can you please help us? The stinging nettle can also be grown in controlled-environment agriculture systems, such as soil-less medium cultivations or aeroponics, which may achieve higher yields, standardize quality, and reduce harvesting costs and contamination. This action is neutralized by heat or by thorough drying, so the cooked leaves are perfectly safe and nutritious[200]. Stinging nettles are great wildlife attractors: caterpillars of the small tortoiseshell and peacock butterflies use them as foodplants; ladybirds feast on the aphids that shelter among … gracilis (Ait.) Central Europe, extending across temperate Asia to China, Korea and Japan. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Habitat. Top of page U. dioica occurs in a wide range of habitats, as a common understorey species of riparian communities, but also in or near marshes and meadows, including grazed pasture land (Carey, 1995; Popay et al., 1982). RI, The amount of stinging hairs on a particular plant varies by region. Copyright: various copyright holders. Habitat Nettles thrive in damp, nitrogen-rich soil; look for it in bottom land along rivers and streams, around old farm-steads, and in other full-sun to partially shaded areas with well fertilized dirt. Stinging nettle generally grows moist, nitrogen-rich areas, preferring open, rich forests. Discover thousands of New England plants. 2020 state. Non-native: introduced → Distribution map (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki) Other species from the same genus. a sighting. How to Eat Stinging Nettles. Set aside an area of lawn, part of a border, or even a…, Set up a ‘nectar café’ by planting flowers for pollinating insects like bees and butterflies, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. 1b.  Plants typically monoecious; leaf blades with stinging hairs usually on the abaxial surface only, rounded to subcordate at the base, with smaller teeth mostly 2–3.5 mm tall; stem glabrous or pubescent with shorter, softer hairs; bristles lacking or very sparse 
 L. n. stinging nettle.  you. Seland. Male in long drooping catkin like spikes, female in small clusters. Latin: Urtica dioica Also Known As: Stinging nettle, Devil's Apron, Naughty Man's Plaything, Tanging Nettle, Scaddie, Hoky-poky, Devil's Leaf, Heg-beg, Jenny-nettle, Sting-leaf, Ortiga Ancha, Wergulu Family: Urticaceae . The plants are commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams. Urtica dioica L. ssp. The stinging nettle is a familiar and common plant, often firmly rooted in our memories after our first, hands-on experience - a prickling irritation that's not forgotten easily! Nettles developed stinging hairs as a defence against grazing animals. Fibrous stems of mature plants can be used to make twine, fishing nets, snares and o… ssp. The Phase 1 Habitat Classification and associated field survey technique provide a standardised system to record semi-natural vegetation and other wildlife habitats. C.L. Hitchc. However, the various species primarily inhabit the tropical latitudes. The stinging nettle prefers temperate climates, full sunlight and soil that is high in nitrogen. Root system: U. dioica has a rhizome with lateral roots emanating from the main rhizome, and rootlets branching off from the lateral roots. 1a.  Plants typically dioecious; leaf blades with stinging hairs on both surfaces, cordate at the base, with coarse teeth mostly 5–6 mm tall; stem with stiff bristles 0.75–2 mm long 
 Urtica dioica Weddell; Exact status definitions can vary from state to The plants contain long, thin, hollow hairs that cover the majority of the stem and the underside of the leaves. Medium to tall vigorous often patch forming plant, with stout stolons and square stems. procera (Muhl. All rights reserved. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Rosales - Family: Urticceae. The report of this species from The creeping surface stems can extend for some considerable distance, rooting at … dioica is known from to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Stinging nettle is a nuisance to farmers and farmworkers because of its fine hairs that sting and irritate the skin. ; All images and text © Once hatched, the caterpillars feast on the nutritious nettle leaves. in part by the National Science Foundation. U. dioica ssp. The native stinging nettle was considered an important medicinal plant by Native Americans. The stinging nettle flourishes in temperate climates where it can receive plentiful sunlight. CT, MA, ME, Habitat Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, forests, shores of rivers or lakes Common throughout the UK. This makes the ideal habitat for insects as there is little danger of the adult insects or larvae ending up in the stomach of a cow! Historically, this stinging nettle herb/tree was used to make … The perennial stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial, herbaceous plant with creeping roots. (intentionally or Common nettle can be found in numerous habitats including forests, grasslands, marshes, farms, gardens and urban areas. ; Stinging Nettle, California nettle: Family: Urticaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-10: Known Hazards: The leaves of the plants have stinging hairs, causing irritation to the skin[21, 200]. is shown on the map. For details, please check with your state. is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT and is native. Description. The painful sensation of nettle stings occurs when toxins from specialised hairs are delivered into the skin. Originally from Europe and Asia, this plant has sharp hairs that break easily and can irritate or sting when the plant is touched; however it is a vitamin-rich food source as well as a remedy for various medical conditions. populations both exist in a county, only native status CT, MA, ME,  1b. Male and female flowers, greenish on separate plants. It is often found as an understory plant in damp environments, but also in meadows, disturbed or enriched ground. Distribution. … 1a. Sometimes referred to as a weed of habitation, this plant is found throughout the UK and Ireland. Stinging nettles usually grow between two to four feet high and bloom from June to September. In return, the plant grows stalks that can be transformed into quality eco-fabric. U. procera Muhl. VT. Riparian forests, stream banks, forest borders, roadsides, waste areas. When you find it, you'll usually find it in a dense stand. Wildlife Habitat. Habitat. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Stinging nettle occurs in moist sites along streams, open forests, and ditches, on mountain slopes, in woodland clearings, and in disturbed areas such as roadsides and old fields. It is perhaps most troublesome in loose, newly cultivated soil, especially where phosphate levels are high. ; As well as being commonly found along rivers, lakes and streams, Urtica Dioica is a ruderal plant that often grows in soils so high in nitrogen they are considered contaminated. State documented: documented • However, they survive well in areas that have b een subject to human destruction such as in ditches, along rail road tracks, at the edge of woods, in abandoned farm fields and in empty lots. ssp. gracilis is known from Leaves opposite, heart shaped to lanceolate, toothed and armed with stinging hairs. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forest edges, forests, shores of rivers or lakes, Occurs in wetlands or non-wetlands. Terminal leaf-tooth longer than the lateral ones. These hairs contain stinging chemicals. gracilis Note: when native and non-native Here are 6 evidence-based benefits of stinging nettle. … 1b. angustifolia Schlecht. Many butterflies - among them the Peacock and Red Admiral - lay their eggs on them. gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. gracilis. Burning nettle is found througout much of California, to 9800 feet (3000 m), except for the Klamath Ranges, upper elevations of the Cascade Range, and deserts. Each habitat type/feature is identified by way of a brief description of its defining features. The pretty small tortoiseshell is a familiar garden visitor that can be seen feeding on flowers all year-round during warm spells.…, It doesn’t matter what size your space is, there’s always room for wildflowers! Subspecies A very common plant, the stinging nettle can be found growing in gardens, hedgerows, fields, woodlands and many other habitats. U. dioica L. var. dioica ssp. The Go Botany project is supported The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. Stinging nettles support more than 40 kinds of insects, for whom the sting can form a protective shield against grazing animals. Plant, the caterpillars feast on the nutritious nettle leaves, please it. Wild edible plant that belongs to the Family Urticaceae introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has naturalized. Between 3-7 feet (.91-2.13 meters ) at maturity … nettle a common... 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