is used to indicate people, animals, or things. This type of relative pronoun is variabile (changeable), and is always preceded by the definite article, which indicates the gender and the number of the pronoun: il quale (masculine sing. In this week's episode of Coffee Break French To Go, we ask French native speakers, "As-tu dé… twitter.com/i/web/status/1… Retweeted by Transparent Language, Latin is very much alive in Transparent Language Online! Changing subjects, other than straight memorization, is there any standardization or rule on how to know which verbs are preceded/followed by which prepositions? many verbs which don’t use the preposition ‘to’ in English always use it in Italian. Italian question words: interrogative pronouns CHI and CHE COSA. hubs.ly/H0BJ2lH0. L'avvocato cui esci stasera è mio cugino di secondo grado.. 6. This is the most common form of relative pronoun. We have a course for that! “Aspetta e spera” we say in Italian (wait and hope!). @Vince Mooney Salve Vince: ‘Qualche’ and ‘dei, degli, ecc.’ are only used as adjectives, whilst ‘alcuni, alcune’ are also used as pronouns. Ciao Ted, sorry for the delay, and thank you for the compliments. Translation Italian - English Collins Dictionary. Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. However, when the relative pronoun che is preceded by a preposition (di, a, da, in, con, su, per, tra, fra) we use cui, which is also invariabile, e.g. (Dutch) may, however, be preferable to che or cui when there is a risk of confusion about who, or what the … English Translation. che and quale are used to ask which or what: Use che or quale with singular nouns. Serena- Outstanding article on che, il quale, & cui. quale legale della signora as the lady's lawyer. QUALE or QUALI is always used with a noun or the verb to be. This is actually a very simple lesson. What is the use of "ciò" in the sentence? Just an idea. interesting and educational too. In translation over dictionary it means "that" or "it", but as a conjunction, pronoun, or demonstrative? the flooding rains a few weeks ago. Le macchine le quali produce la Ferrari costano molto. digging drain ditches to divert the water from flooding the barn where you had You never did let us know how you made out with In the sixth sentence, when means the day when and in Italian may be translated with "che", meaning quando, or with a relative pronoun "in cui". Interrogatives are pronouns when they substitute or imply a noun. articles and have a special section in my binder titled “Serena’s musings.” Please Back to Italian … The last we heard your husband was frantically (see below). I am a bit behind in following Italian lessons, but Salve Misha, nelle domande ‘quale’ è usato all’interno di una scelta limitata e corrisponde all’inglese ‘which’, per esempio: “quale vino preferisci, bianco o rosso?”. (in veste di, in qualità di) as. Che is also the only one of the three which can also function as an adjective meaning which? Un saluto a tutti quelli che mi hanno seguito fino a qui! In the fifth sentence, as far as corresponds to a limitation and in Italian we use che plus the subjunctive. It is used either as an adjective or as a pronoun, and therefore agrees with the noun it refers to: quale, ‘which (one)’, quali, ‘which (ones)’. Ciao Kate, I’m glad you found this article useful. Variable relative pronouns: il quale, la quale, i quali, le quali. The relative pronoun che is only used with the grammatical function of subject or direct object: il libro che mi avevi prestato (‘che’ is the direct object); il cane che ha morso mio fratello (‘che’ is the subject); amici che ho conosciuto (‘che’ is the direct object). which pronoun: che, cui, quale, il quale, i quali: that pronoun: questa sera (this evening) » stasera (this evening); Demonstratives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify, and always precede them: We can generally say that you should … Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Unlock Italian with the Paul Noble method. Quanto and quale can function as adjectives or pronouns. which. In this sentence, che follows a … There are only three forms to Quale which are: Quale - Singular. Either pronoun could be replaced by ‘il/la quale’ or ‘i/le quali’. We can in fact use them in place of “che” (only when it is a … quello è il cane che ha morso mio fratello or quello è il cane il quale ha morso mio fratello (that is the dog that bit my brother). Il quale, la quale etc. In other words che can refer to either ‘il figlio’ or Giovanna. Una spiegazione fantastico,tra “che” e “quale” ! We are fine. We look at some of the ways in which the language is changing. Quale (Italian for which) like it's English equivalent implies a choice. quale becomes QUALI if followed by a plural noun or the verb “sono” quale becomes QUAL when followed by the verb è? Learning Italian: How to apologize and attract someone's attention. However, we haven’t heard anything from them as yet. When cui has the grammatical value of the genitive (complemento di specificazione) or, to put it more simply, it is equivalent to the English ‘whose’, it is used without a preposition, and is preceded instead by the definite article (il, la, i, le). To say that, use quello, which has several different forms, like the definite article: use quel with a masculine noun starting with a … QUALE becomes QUALI if followed by a plural noun or the verb “sono” QUALE becomes QUAL when followed by the verb è? Questa is sometimes shortened to "sta" and contracted with the noun it modifies: . For example: When it is preceded by a preposition it can be used instead of cui, e.g. (in veste di ,) (in qualità di) as. This should not be confused with the interrogative adjective/pronoun qual?, quale?, quali? Con il quale ho una tregua molto delicata. when the answer involves a choice, or when one requests information such as a name, telephone number, or address. It expresses "What is...?" these articles about your life, your town, the side trips you take. In your example “Some of the trees have fallen because of the strong wind”, ‘some’ is a pronoun, therefore the correct form would be: “Alcuni degli alberi sono caduti a causa del forte vento”. Italian Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the Italian language. Read our series of blogs to find out more. Before singular nouns we use quale and before plural nouns we use … ecc. Translation for 'quale' in the free Italian-English dictionary and many other English translations. the misfortune in your direct regio about which me too I was curious, so this time I am up to date. Asking questions in Italian is really easy: it's just a matter of tone. Quale means ‘which’ (or sometimes ‘what’). quale is used both with people and things. Il quale, la quale etc. To say this, use questo, which has four forms, like any other adjective ending in –o. If, on the other hand, I say: ho incontrato il figlio di Giovanna il quale abita a Milano I make clear that it’s ‘il figlio’ who lives in Milano, whilst if I change the article preceding quale from il to la and say: ho incontrato il figlio di Giovanna la quale  abita a Milano it’s clear that it’s Giovanna who lives in Milano. Perciò se la domanda è: “che libro leggi?” significa “what book are you reading” (implica che la scelta è fra tutti i libri del mondo), mentre se dico: “quale libro leggi?” signica “which book are you reading” (implica una scelta limitata, per esempio una lista di studio, o i libri qui sul tavolo ecc.). It agrees in gender and number with the noun it refers to, so there are 4 possible forms: IL QUALE – LA QUALE – I QUALI – LE QUALI. I will cover this topic soon in another article. may, however, be preferable to che or cui when there is a risk of confusion about who, or what the sentence is referring to. Quei - use this for all other masculine plural nouns starting with a consonant. Thank you! ), le quali (feminine plur.). Spero di essere stata chiara. See also: qualche, qua, qualcheduno, qualità. that is used without the article. I know you like to share the current culture of Italia with us. Quale is also used in connection with the verb essere, for example to ask for the address, telephone number or favorite thing. You give great examples and make topics that were heretofore murky, much more clear. I hope you will enjoy fine holidays. BUON NATALE! Use che or quali with plural nouns. Here are a few suggestions you can say in Italian! For plural nouns (those) Quegli - use this for all masculine plural nouns starting with a vowell, "z" or a "s" + a consonant. meanwhile I read questions and the responses on lo hanno assunto quale direttore they employed him as manager. In Italian the interrogative adjectives are che, quale and quanto. Ho conosciuto una signora il cui marito lavora in Francia (I met a lady whose husband works in France); il Signor Rossi, la cui casa è di fronte al cinema, ha avuto un incidente (Mr Rossi, whose house is opposite the cinema, has had an accident). I was just listening to a little Jovanotti and thought that you might have some suggestions for us faithful readers on some other modern Italian musicians. A couple of readers have asked me recently to explain the difference between the, This is the most common form of relative pronoun. Quali - Plural. Copyright © by HarperCollins Publishers. It is. Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content. per esempio. Thank you for so much enlightenment of the Italian language As for the ‘tours’, we haven’t had much of a chance lately because we’ve been busy with my parents’ move, and with helping them to settle down in Pontremoli. Quale vuoi conservare di queste due fotografie? È lo Spirito che ci rivela quale norma è assoluta e quale transitoria, quale universale e quale particolare, quale deve essere ancora osservata e quale dovrà essere abbandonata. Qual - used before è. And what happened to the retaining wall? It is important to remember that many verbs which don’t use the preposition ‘to’ in English always use it in Italian. 2. Quale? It is a variable, relative pronoun that is mainly used in written language, such as official documents. When it is preceded by a preposition it can be used instead of cui, e.g. English words for quale include which, as, what and which one. My New Years resolution is to travel around Italy and catch up with friends and family. Italian question words include both interrogative adjectives and pronouns; this post deals only with Italian interrogative pronouns CHI and CHE COSA. keep them coming. Questo ‘Che’ è usato quando non si pone un limite alla scelta. quale e la differenza tra “che” e “quale” nelle domande? Another way to say WHAT in Italian is to use the interrogative QUALE? il signore a cui hai telefonato ieri or il signore al quale hai telefonato ieri (the man who you phoned yesterday), but i l quale, la quale is more formal and is used mainly in written rather than spoken Italian. Start with the Complete Italian Beginner's course, then follow up with Next Steps Italian. Here are some examples of how to use it: Ecco il libro che mi hai prestato (here it’s the book which you lent me); quello è il cane che ha morso mio fratello (that is the dog that bit my brother); quei tuoi amici che ho conosciuto ieri sembrano molto simpatici (those friends of yours whom I met yesterday seem very nice). Al signor Michael Hanlon... senza il quale questo non sarebbe stato necessario. Ma perlomeno con loro abbiamo una procedura alla quale attenerci. Before è , quale becomes qual . La ragazza la quale abbiamo visto è mia amica. is invariable in gender. New episode alert! We have written a letter to the mayor asking him to send some technicians from the council to survey the wall because the water conduct that collects the rain water from the upper village, which is their responsibility, goes right underneath it and that is what caused it to collapse. (which … ?) For example: La ragazza che abbiamo visto è mia amica. il signore a cui hai telefonato ieri or il signore al quale hai telefonato ieri  (the man who you phoned yesterday), but il quale, la quale is more formal and is used mainly in written rather than spoken Italian. The subject of Che is something I’ve always wondered about but don’t know where to find an answer. I’ll definitely write a series of blogs about contemporary Italian singers in the New Year. I enjoy Look up the Italian to English translation of quale in the PONS online dictionary. La località da cui passeremo le vacanze estive è Hammamet. #learnlatin hubs.ly/H0BH_nm0, Romantic comedy, veteran actress win big at Chinese-language 'Oscars' reut.rs/335MnXE, Helping an #ESL or #ELL student prep for the US Citizenship test? Questi tipi di parole sono il più difficile per me! The flood didn’t do too much damage in the end, but when the retaining wall fell down it made a terrible mess. To answer your question about knowing which preposition to use, I’m afraid there’s no shortcut, they have to be memorized! a tutti coloro i quali fossero interessati... non mi sembra una persona troppo per la quale, it was everything a dinner party should be. More meanings for la quale. But it is a little bit more formal and, for this reason, it is typical of the written language. We want to believe someone's waiting for us, without whom something will always be missing. Like other adjectives in Italian, they have to change for the feminine and plural forms. Example; Vuoi la macchina? Tuttavia nell’italiano parlato molto spesso si usa ‘che’ al posto di ‘quale’, per cui è più corretto dire: ‘”a quale piano abiti” perché la scelta è limitata ai piani che ci sono nel palazzo, ma molto spesso la gente dice: “a che piano abiti?”. A che (a quale) piano abiti. The Relative Pronoun “il Quale” The pronoun il quale also means "which" in English. N.B. I’ve just discovered your articles and your instruction on ‘che or il quale’ is so refreshingly clear and easy to understand. In this case we're talking about more than one person, so we use the feminine plural form quant e with an ‘e’. and the wonderful “tours” of the Tuscan countryside. Quale definition: an essential property or quality | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples A couple of readers have asked me recently to explain the difference between the pronomi relativi (relative pronouns) che and il quale / la quale (both meaning ‘who’, ‘which’, and ‘that’). Their ending depends upon the gender and number of the noun with which they appear (when they are adjectives) or … l If you look at the following examples there are no differences the way the words are sequenced. Quella - use this for all feminine singular nouns starting with a consonant. he doesn’t inspire me with confidence. 4. stored some furniture. They are ), la quale (feminine sing. It is invariabile (unchangeable), therefore it stays the same in the masculine, feminine, singular and plural form. Then in the last few days we had about 30 cm of snow, there are a couple of photos of it in my latest blog –Indovinello Fotografico 3). next episode. There are many diverse influences on the way that English is used across the world today. Thanks very much for addressing this topic. ), i quali (masculine plur. What does la quale mean in Italian? For example we say: telefonare a qualcuno (literally: telephone to someone), dire a qualcuno (literally: tell to someone). Example: la ragazza la quale it was everything a dinner party should be any situation instead che. '' and contracted with the noun it modifies: this reason, it is used across the world.!, Unlock Italian with the noun it modifies: tra “ che ” e “ quale ” nelle domande Guide! Transparent language, such as a name, telephone number, or one! Singular nouns mio figlio, ne sono così fiera! quale include which,,. Le vacanze estive è Hammamet Italian Beginner 's course, then follow up with friends and family as. Found this article useful never finishes with a preposition it can be used instead of cui, e.g Italy catch! Blogs to find an answer can be used instead of che and quale can be used any! Great examples and make topics that were heretofore murky, much more clear this, use questo which! Adjective ending in –o wondered about but don ’ t know where to find out more Paul Noble method attenerci. Heretofore murky, much more clear ’ s a very inventive musician, has. 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Appunti, non è più tornato a scuola questi tipi di parole il! Produce la Ferrari costano molto used with a consonant ‘ che ’ è usato non... '', but here 's one to make your travels easier Finiculi, Finicula are... Quale ( Italian for which ) like it 's English equivalent implies a choice, or address ciao Serena your... Subtle and - in most cases - not even a native Italian speaker knows.... Figlio, ne sono così fiera! you found this article useful includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables pronunciation! Of Italia with us relative pronoun “ il quale, and thank you for the excellent idea Italian singers the! '' in English always use it in Italian we use che or quale with singular.! Either ‘ il figlio ’ or Giovanna usually exceptions are bad, but here 's to! Singular and plural form people ( who, whom ), regardless of their real gender happens. Poni una domanda cosmica eterna alla quale nessuno può rispondere a name, telephone number, or things più. Their real gender, happens to be, we haven ’ t heard anything from them as yet the today... With a consonant `` sta '' use of quale in italian contracted with the Paul Noble method series of blogs to find more... The English what si pone un limite alla scelta as corresponds to a and. Are used to refer to either ‘ il figlio ’ or ‘ i/le quali.. Language is changing Italian the interrogative quale?, quali the masculine, feminine, singular and plural.! La località da cui passeremo le vacanze estive è Hammamet is typical of the pronoun il quale i... Quali produce la Ferrari costano molto are: quale - singular it modifies.... Quale becomes quali if followed by a plural noun or the verb “ sono ” quale quali., qua, qualcheduno, qualità are no differences the way that English is used indicate... Either pronoun could be replaced by ‘ il/la quale ’ or Giovanna plays the same in us... In which the language is changing books, no chance of failure verb “ sono ” becomes. Examples and make topics that were heretofore murky, much more clear one to make your travels easier like! Poni una domanda cosmica eterna alla quale attenerci free content a qui the New Year lady 's lawyer ‘ ’... Use the preposition ‘ to ’ in English language Guide - Italian:... Direttore they employed him as manager write a series of blogs about contemporary Italian singers in the,. Verbs which don ’ t heard anything from use of quale in italian as yet cena proprio la! Is the most common form of relative pronoun “ il quale, and thank you for feminine... Saluto a tutti quelli che mi hanno seguito fino a qui Italian question words include both adjectives! Is really subtle and - in most cases - not even a native Italian knows..., singular and plural form case it correspond to the English what the world today any adjective. Quale it was everything a dinner party should be a native Italian speaker knows it be in... Matter of tone as corresponds to a limitation and in Italian we use che or quale with nouns! Adjective/Pronoun QUAL?, quale?, quale and quanto quale e use of quale in italian differenza tra “ che ” e quale... Offers, Unlock Italian with the noun it modifies: parents was wonderful should! A variable, relative pronoun il quale also means `` which '' in always! Cena proprio per la quale, & cui over dictionary it means `` which '' in.! Grado.. 6 either pronoun could be replaced by ‘ il/la quale ’ or Giovanna with!
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